A Grammar of Diyari, South Australia by Peter Austin

By Peter Austin

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Extra resources for A Grammar of Diyari, South Australia

Example text

The allomorphy of the cases mentioned above is given in detail here, together with examples. 2): (a) non-singular common nouns and female personal names (b) singular common nouns and male personal names When English names are used in Diyari they are inflected like traditional names. Women’s names fall into group (a), men’s into group (b). 6. 4; only the main syntactic function of each is mentioned here. 2 will affect trisyllabic stems ending in the high vowels /i/ and /u/, converting them to /a/ when a case suffix follows.

1) have three separate case forms for each of these functions, that is ergative, nominative and accusative. Male personal proper nouns and singular common nouns have an ergative case form (coding transitive subject) but code intransitive subject and transitive object by a single form, the absolutive. 2) with first and second person singular and all third persons having one form for P function (accusative) and one for both S and A (nominative). 2 shows the full case marking schema for Diyari and Thirari.

B) we can set up the suffix as -inga and have a rule which deletes morpheme-final vowels before morphemes beginning in a vowel. 2) which involves the addition of -nga without affecting the root vowel. Consider the examples: ‘crack’ root karta root-prod kartanga ‘step’ ‘boom’ darri kanpu darringa kanpunga If we adopt solution (b) then the affixes will be -inga- PROL and -nga- PROD and a morphologically conditioned rule will not be required. 3) applies after the root vowel is replaced; this is an additional reason for adopting the purely phonological solution (b).

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