By Tongyin Yang
The Kam language of China possesses fifteen tones – greater than the other language. but it has lengthy been missed as a space of analysis, in particular from the viewpoint of discourse research. This examine initiates the exploration of the interface among grammar and discourse by way of analyzing quite a few facets of Kam narrative discourse, and utilizing a useful method of display its structural houses. It additionally introduces the mechanism for phonological and syntactic diversifications, in addition to classifier variations and sentence-final debris (SFPs) in discourse and notice order diversifications. ultimately, it discusses the impression of social surroundings on narrative constitution and provides the main updated ethnological and social information regarding the community.
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Kam Revealed in Its Narrative Discourse
A complete summary of all the classiﬁer usage in the two stories is displayed here (Fig. 2). ). The contextual environment partly accounts for this omission of the head as it allows a reduction of redundant information. Further checking shows that the presence of an overt head is closely related to the salience of the referent. That is, when the referent is high in salience, the head, especially in NPs, appears. When the salience decreases, the head can be omitted more often than not. Consider the classiﬁer tɕa11 lak11 ‘CLS for animate, diminutive form’ as an example.
Narrating practice is also a means of maintaining power and social control, including gender roles, age as credit, family core values, and community unity, as will be outlined in Sect. 3. 5 The Decoys on Scene Other than narrators and audience, there are a few participants with special intention or purpose on the scene called jən11 ‘person’ nɐm53 ‘to respond in word’ ku33 ‘story’ in Kam. Their main role is to encourage the audience to get more involved in the story led by example. They will respond to whatever the narrator says in a positive way and be present at the narrating scene from the very beginning to the last moment.
Moreover, it reflects the speaker’s knowledge or expectation leading out of what has just been discussed just before his utterance. For instance, in SR24: Here the ji53 indicates that the speaker is so surprised to learn that it is THAT couple who are still fertile that he feels and that he must do something to help them. The functions of the discussed morphological and phonological variations can be deﬁned at various levels of Schiffrin’s model. Taking members of the pair particles with the schwa /ə/ and /i/ rhyme as examples, both the ji53 and jə53 express strong surprise as mentioned in the discussion above.