By Robert Maltby
Etymology - the examine of phrases in particular as regards to their derivations - was once an incredible aspect in historic idea, beginning with Plato's Cratylus. within the Roman interval it grew to become much more major, partly as a result influence of Stoicism at the previous improvement of Roman legislation. The De lingua latina of M. Terentius Varro, a modern of a number of the significant classical Latin writers, is a wealthy shop of etymological conception and instance.
With the improvement of old philology within the 19th century, old etymological perform got here to appear unscientific and hence unworthy of significant realization. Classicists considered as ridiculous such derivations because the recognized ''lucus a non lucendo'' (a 'shady grove', from 'not being lit'); visible etymologies, generally on right names, they tended to brush aside as trivial wordplay, feeble punning, or mere ornamentation. yet newer scholarship has proven that etymologies in Latin and Greek poetry and prose diversity a ways past right names, and are on no account continuously seen. In an highbrow weather pleasant to varied linguistic constructions, old etymologising is more and more getting used as a device within the examine of historical literature, and the highbrow substructure of old etymological thought is once more being taken heavily. however the old assets for identified etymologies are scattered and infrequently challenging to refer to, and the boundaries of the potential should not continuously revered by way of literary students.
In A Lexicon of historic Latin Etymologies Robert Maltby offers an vital source for this box of enquiry. He has assembled the entire explicitly attested etymologies of Latin antiquity, from the predecessors of Varro to Isidore of Seville, masking glossaries and scholia in addition to ordinary historical etymological source-works. His coverage of quoting greatly, instead of summarising, finds the relationships among historical professionals, and the reasoning at the back of a lot of their etymologies. the result's an incredible paintings of reference on the way to ease trained entry to this sector of old technological know-how.
Read Online or Download A Lexicon of Ancient Latin Etymologies PDF
Similar instruction books
Sleek Brazilian Portuguese Grammar: a pragmatic advisor is an leading edge reference consultant to Brazilian Portuguese, combining conventional and function-based grammar in one quantity. The Grammar is split into elements. half A covers conventional grammatical different types similar to contract, nouns, verbs and adjectives.
The essays during this quantity, writen through Germanists from Britain, eire, the united states and Australia, illustrate the big capability which corpus-based paintings has for German reports as a complete and the wealthy range of labor at present being undertaken. an in depth advent explains uncomplicated strategies, tools, and purposes of corpus-based paintings.
Designed for introductory classes in outdated English, Word-Hoard bargains a vocabulary of a few 2000 phrases drawn from the poems that starting scholars commonly learn. Exploiting the typical interest we think approximately our personal language, Stephen Barney attracts etymological connections, offers mnemonic aids, and introduces the coed to cultural and literary suggestions in addition to phrases.
- Guerre Et Armement Chez Les Gaulois
- Aurrera!: A Textbook for Studying Basque
- A Frequency Dictionary of German: Core Vocabulary for Learners
- An Introduction to the Study of Classical Armenian
- Modern Brazilian Portuguese grammar : a practical guide
Extra resources for A Lexicon of Ancient Latin Etymologies
They told actors what not to do rather than what to do. Perhaps because of this the present-day conventional wisdom is that early Japanese writers on the theatre disapproved of humour. Scholars, both Japanese and other, have gone to some lengths to explain away the fact that Zeami said that acting that caused outbursts of laughter 'must be vulgar behaviour'. There have been those who stated flatly that Zeami disapproved of laughter and those who tried very hard to prove that he never used the word vulgar, or never meant it if he did.
7 These jokes, though effective in producing merriment during a feast, serve no practical purposes. And yet, good writers often went out of their way to join in the fun . . We find the nose of Ying Yang compared to an egg whose end has been cut off by a thief, and the physical form of Chang Hua compared to the handle of a pestle. These loquacious writings are a disgrace to moral principles. 8 This last refers to the fact that criminals on the way to execution made it a point of pride to show their defiance by singing.
79 Unlike Zeami and Toraaki, the kabuki actors did not treat humour and vulgarity as necessarily connected. They were concerned about both but they were concerned about them as separate concepts. Perhaps this is because the kabuki actors were, first and last, practitioners of a popular genre and did not aspire to the heights of aestheticism that were the aim of Zeami and Toraaki. That the kabuki actors were concerned with aesthetics and artistic integrity is clear from their comments, but perhaps they also saw their art as existing on a less elevated aesthetic plane.