A Survey of Attitudes and Actions on Dual Use Research in by American Association for the Advancement of Science,

By American Association for the Advancement of Science, National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Life Sciences, Policy and Global Affairs, Security, and Cooperation Development, Committee on Assessing Fundamental Attitudes of

An identical applied sciences that gasoline clinical advances additionally pose capability risks--that the information, instruments, and methods received via valid biotechnology learn might be misused to create organic guns or for bioterrorism. this can be referred to as the twin use quandary of the lifestyles sciences. but even examine with the best capability for misuse may possibly provide major advantages. making a choice on tips on how to constrain the risk with out harming crucial clinical learn is important for nationwide defense in addition to prosperity and health. This ebook discusses a 2007 survey of yank organization for the development of technology (AAAS) individuals within the lifestyles sciences approximately their wisdom of twin use concerns and attitudes approximately their obligations to assist mitigate the dangers of misuse in their examine. total, the implications recommend that there is huge help for ways to oversight that depend upon measures which are constructed and carried out via the clinical neighborhood itself. The responses additionally recommend that there's a have to make clear the scope of analysis actions of shock and to supply suggestions approximately what activities scientists can take to lessen the danger that their examine might be misused by means of people with malicious purpose.

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Extra resources for A Survey of Attitudes and Actions on Dual Use Research in the Life Sciences: A Collaborative Effort of the National Research Council and the American Association for the Advancement of Science

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More information on the program can be found at http://www. gov/od/sap/. 33 In 2008, after the FBI identified a researcher at the USAMRIID as the perpetrator of the 2001 anthrax attacks, the issue of whom to trust and how to ensure the reliability of those with access to dangerous pathogens again gained special attention. The NSABB was charged with developing a system for determining the reliability of researchers with access to potentially dangerous pathogens and toxins. S. S. Fuseaction=Hearings.

L. S. scientist attempted to obtain plaguecausing bacteria for potentially nefarious purposes (Gronvall 2008). 32 The program was created to prevent bioterrorism and protect public safety while not unduly hindering research using select agents. After the anthrax attacks of 2001, the United States sought to establish a rigorous formal oversight system to decide who could possess microorganisms and toxins that could be used as weapons. Appropriately defined, such a system would ensure that pathogens and toxins would be available to legitimate researchers and denied to those who should not possess dangerous agents.

S. government adopted several of the Fink report’s key recommendations, including the recommendation to create a national advisory body. In 2004, NSABB was established under the auspices of the NIH Office of Biotechnology Activities, which also oversees RAC. The advisory committee’s charge included providing guidance for the development of: • A system of institutional and federal research review that allows for fulfillment of important research objectives while addressing national security concerns; • Guidelines for the identification and conduct of research that may require special attention and security surveillance; • Professional codes of conduct for scientists and laboratory workers that can be adopted by professional organizations and institutions engaged in life science research; • Materials and resources to educate the research community about effective biosecurity; and • Strategies for fostering international collaboration for the effective oversight of dual use biological research (NSABB 2004).

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