Algebra IX: Finite Groups of Lie Type Finite-Dimensional by R. W. Carter (auth.), A. I. Kostrikin, I. R. Shafarevich

By R. W. Carter (auth.), A. I. Kostrikin, I. R. Shafarevich (eds.)

The finite teams of Lie variety are of valuable mathematical significance and the matter of realizing their irreducible representations is of serious curiosity. The illustration thought of those teams over an algebraically closed box of attribute 0 was once constructed by way of P.Deligne and G.Lusztig in 1976 and to that end in a sequence of papers by way of Lusztig culminating in his booklet in 1984. the aim of the 1st a part of this publication is to offer an outline of the topic, with out together with targeted proofs. the second one half is a survey of the constitution of finite-dimensional department algebras with many define proofs, giving the elemental concept and strategies of building after which is going directly to a deeper research of department algebras over valuated fields. An account of the multiplicative constitution and lowered K-theory offers fresh paintings at the topic, together with that of the authors. hence it types a handy and extremely readable creation to a box which within the final twenty years has obvious a lot progress.

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Extra resources for Algebra IX: Finite Groups of Lie Type Finite-Dimensional Division Algebras

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We shall therefore consider the structure of this endomorJ phism algebra. We first recall the situation in the special case when PJ = Band ,p = 1. Then End (1gJ) is the Hecke algebra H(GF , BF ). 3 that this algebra has dimension IWFI and basis Tw, WE WF. WF is a Coxeter group with Coxeter generators SJ corresponding to the F-orbits J on the Dynkin diagram of G. The multiplication of the basis elements is determined by the relations T. T. Jw+(PJ-1)Tw ifl(sJw)=I(w)-1 where W E WF, i is the length function on WF, and PJ = IUF n (UF)WOSJI.

The mapping ~ -+ ~* is also an isometry of generalized characters. Thus one has (~*, ,,*) = (~, ,,) for any two generalized characters ~, " of GF • We mention two examples of the effect of this duality operation. In the first place we have 1* = St. Thus the dual of the principal character is the Steinberg character. It follows of course that St* = 1. Secondly we take a Deligne-Lusztig generalized character R T ,6 of GF • Then we have R},6 = BGBT R T ,6' This result was proved by Deligne and Lusztig in [2].

Given a subalgebra of L(G) isomorphic to sI 2 (K) there is a subgroup of G isomorphic to SL 2 (K) or to PGL 2 (K) whose Lie algebra is the given subalgebra. Let S be a maximal torus of this subgroup. Then SeT for some maximal torus T of G. Let t = L(T) and Ke~ = L(X~) for each root subgroup X~ of G. Then we have L( G) = t EB L

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