An Introduction to Modern Literary Arabic by David Cowan

By David Cowan

The teachings are transparent, in non-technical language, and feature beneficiant examples, with lots of routines for translation from Arabic to English and from English to Arabic. this is often the handbook that scholars attracted to Arabic as a dwelling and increasing international language will desire. it's the first to deal in general with smooth literary Arabic. In Mr Cowan's phrases: 'The function is to provide an explanation for to the scholars, in as concise a way as attainable, the grammatical constitution of the fashionable Arabic literary language because it is located this present day in newspapers, magazines, books, the radio, and public talking. i've got endeavoured to limit the fabric to the minimal which can function a stepping-stone to a deeper examine of Arabic. because the basic grammar of written Arabic has hardly ever replaced as an creation to the classical language additionally. Having as soon as mastered its contents the coed must have a legitimate grab of Arabic grammar and will then direct his reviews in the direction of smooth literature or classical in line with his wishes and dispositions.

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N A G D L I 'whose' m n f чей чьё чья N/G чьё чью чьего чьей чьему чьей чьём чьей чьим чьей 'which, that' m n f pl какой какое какая какие N/G какое какую N/G какого какой каких какому какой каким каком какой каких каким какой какими Although generally restricted to set expressions, the archaic кой is also used in CSR: ы всё делаешь кое-как! ' ам! Я хочу поехать с друзьями кататься на лыжах! - и в коем случае! 'Ma! I want to go skiing with friends! 8 Definite pronouns Of the several lexemes for 'all, whole, entire', one of them (весь/всё/вся/все) has a pronominal declension (given below).

Fem. sg. plural мамино мамино мамина мамину мамином маминым мамина мамины мамину N/A маминой маминых маминой маминым маминой маминых маминой/ мамиными маминою Other common possessive pronominal adjectives include forms derived from animal names (cf. лисий -'leonine', коровий -'bovine', лягушачий -'froggy', волчий -'lupine', собачий -'canine', кошачий -'feline', медвежий -'ursine', овечий -'sheep', заячий -'rabbit', щенячий -'puppy', птичий -'bird'), and some common nouns relating to professions, nationality, or male/female (девичий -'girlish', казачий -'Cossack', рыбачий -'fish', мужичий -'manly', садовничий -'gardener').

4 Superlative adjectives exhibit both analytic and synthetic formation patterns. The synthetic forms are more restricted than was seen with comparative synthetic forms. ’) are: (a) stems ending in a consonant other than /k, g, x/ require the suffix - ейш-: красивейший 'prettiest' прекраснейший 'most excellent' великолепнейший 'most splendid' добрейший 'nicest' богатейший 'richest' приятнейший 'nicest, kindest' отвратительнейший 'most despicable' (b) stems ending in /k, g,, x/ require the suffix - айш- (г » ж, к » ч, х » ш): широчайший 'widest' высочайший 'tallest' мельчайший 'shallowest' глубочайший 'deepest' мягчайший 'softest' редчайший 'rarest' сладчайший 'sweetest' тончайший 'thinnest' тишайший 'quietest' величайший 'greatest' строжайший 'strictest' For more information on restrictions in the formation of superlative adjectives, see Vinogradov 1960: 296.

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