Basic German by Jolene Wochenske

By Jolene Wochenske

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The thousands do not happen to be attested in the OCS glagolitic mss. ) had these functions. In C y r i l l i c , however, the thousands are denoted by the units with a p r e c e d i n g special symbol: = 2000, ^STgp = 6363. 0 The two alphabets, interpreted in the light of information from modern Slavic dialects and ancient and modem related languages, represent the phonemes of OCS very well. There are both too many and too few symbols, but in practice the individual words are clearly delineated; real ambiguities are rare, and readers easily recognize the correct word from the context in which it occurs.

G. kith 'ktitos, whale', kesarjb 'KoTaap, Roman emperor', arxierei Apxispsus 'archpriest'. 52 THE SOUND SYSTEM 33 xeruvimh xspoupin 'cherub'. In Greek, these consonatits were non-distinctively palatal [R x]; some Slavs possibly imitated this pronunciation. Words with a Greek gamma before front vowel are spelled sometimes with g, sometimes ^ (cf. 4121): angelh~ angeli 'angel'. Doubtless the pronunciation of such words varied in different areas and traditions. What is important is that foreign stems were ordinarily provided with derivational suffixes and inflectional desinences that fitted them into the overall-system of OCS.

After S i c St id nj Ij rj j + + + + + + + 4. after c j + - - + - + + + + + + 5. a f t e r p b t d s z v m n l r + + + + + + + -i- + + + This table shows that three vowels (m a g) have no restrictions. The contrasts in the first four positions show that y a o are in complementary distribution with ibe. The front nasal vowel f is not so directly opposed to the back nasal g, and the low front tense ^ differs even more from the low back tense a. 52 The syllabic structure is simple: there is a single vowel which may be preceded by a maximum of four consonants (CCCC)V.

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