Basic Irish: A Grammar and Workbook (Grammar Workbooks) by Nancy Stenson

By Nancy Stenson

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Bratach ‘flag’). Certain endings are consistently associated with particular genders, including the following: Masculine Feminine Nouns ending in: -ín: caipín -óir/-eoir: múinteoir -acht acht (one syllable) -éir: búistéir -án: cupán -a: mála -adh: geimhreadh -aire: iascaire cap teacher act, law butcher cup bag winter fisherman -óg/-eog: fuinneog -lann: leabharlan -acht Gaeltacht (two + syllables) -áil: cáil -íl: feadaíl -íocht: filíocht window library reputation whistling poetry In other cases, no pattern is obvious, and gender must simply be memorized.

9 an aonaigh. 10 na ndochtúirí. 11 na cathaoireach. 12 na háite. 13 na mban. 14 na sráide. 15 na n-oifigí. 16 na pluide. 17 na tíre. 18 na bó. 19 na mbróg. 20 na Gaeltachta. 5 1 (an ubh) Ná bí ag briseadh na huibhe. 2 (an mhí) Bhí siad anseo i lár na míosa. 3 (cloigeann) Tá tinneas cloiginn orm. 4 (na páistí) Tá Máire ag dúiseacht na bpáistí. 5 (an doras) Tá dath an dorais go hálainn. 6 (an t-airgead) An bhfuil tú ag comhaireamh an airgid? 7 (na coinnle) Tá mé ag lasadh na gcoinnle. 8 (an múinteoir) Sin é teach an mhúinteora.

The girl’s friend is young. When a phrase includes a genitive noun, the article an appears only once in Irish, before the second, possessor noun, although it might be used twice in the English translation: doras an tí ‘the door of the house’. More generally, whenever a noun is marked with a possessor, it will never also have an article before it, even if its English equivalent does: 42 111 2 3 4 5 6 7 8111 9 1011 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 2011 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 3011 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 4011 1 2 3 41111 Unit 6: Noun classes and cases cóta Bhriain mo chóta bóthar Chorcaigh Brian’s coat my coat the road to Cork (literally, ‘of Cork’) As a rule of thumb, whenever a phrase contains two or more nouns in a row, the last one will be in the genitive form.

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