By Lorraine Farrelly
The second one booklet within the fundamentals structure sequence explores the fabrics utilized in building this day: stone and brick, concrete, bushes, metal and glass, and composites. Reviewing the background of those fabrics places them in context, revealing purposes in either old and modern structure. every one bankruptcy showcases the paintings of a grasp architect, corresponding to Frank Lloyd Wright or Louis Kahn, whose paintings is linked to that fabric. tasks by way of such greats as Eric Parry, Caruso St. John, Zaha Hadid, Nicholas Grimshaw Architects, Rem Koolhaas, Norman Foster, Jean Nouvel, dRMM, and extra are integrated. useful and encouraging, fundamentals structure: building and Materiality is a useful source for college kids and execs alike.
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Extra info for Basics Architecture: Construction and Materiality
Wall: concrete walls can be constructed using formwork to create dynamic shapes, and concrete can also be used as cladding to cover existing wall surfaces. Reinforced, pre-cast concrete panels are available in many different colours and finishes (such as acid-etched, smooth, sand-blasted or polished), and various materials can be incorporated into the panels (such as marble or glass), which offers the architect a wealth of aesthetic and tactile possibilities. Floor: many floors are made by casting a complete concrete slab at ground level, or even below ground level, which stabilises the building and provides a flat, clear surface.
The cement can also be pigmented, which provides colour for the smooth surface. The aggregates can be a variety of different colours, which are then highlighted in the exposed areas. This creates a new way to adapt the surface of the concrete panel to respond to different contexts and site conditions. Ductile concrete: in 2005, a new type of fibre-reinforced ductile concrete was used for the first time in Michigan, USA. It looks like standard concrete, but is 500 times more resistant to cracking and 40 percent lighter in weight.
Concrete offered the architect a material that could be moulded to form new shapes and one that, when reinforced with metal, could be used structurally to challenge ideas of building form and scale. In 1903, the Ingalls Building was constructed in Cincinnatti, Ohio, USA. Designed by architects Elzner & Anderson it was the world’s first (reinforced) skyscraper and its realisation was made possible by the use of reinforced concrete in its construction. The building was designed to house various office spaces and its elevation was in a beaux-arts style.