Bengali by Thompson, Hanne-Ruth

By Thompson, Hanne-Ruth

Show description

Read or Download Bengali PDF

Best instruction books

Modern Brazilian Portuguese Grammar: A Practical Guide (Modern Grammars)

Sleek Brazilian Portuguese Grammar: a pragmatic consultant is an cutting edge reference advisor to Brazilian Portuguese, combining conventional and function-based grammar in one quantity. The Grammar is split into elements. half A covers conventional grammatical different types equivalent to contract, nouns, verbs and adjectives.

Working With German Corpora

The essays during this quantity, writen by way of Germanists from Britain, eire, america and Australia, illustrate the large capability which corpus-based paintings has for German experiences as a complete and the wealthy range of labor at the moment being undertaken. a close advent explains simple innovations, tools, and functions of corpus-based paintings.

Word-Hoard: An Introduction to Old English Vocabulary, Second Edition

Designed for introductory classes in previous English, Word-Hoard bargains a vocabulary of a few 2000 phrases drawn from the poems that starting scholars regularly learn. Exploiting the ordinary interest we consider approximately our personal language, Stephen Barney attracts etymological connections, presents mnemonic aids, and introduces the coed to cultural and literary ideas in addition to phrases.

Additional info for Bengali

Example text

G. amta stuttering but a:m mango. This does not affect the phonemic status of these vowels. Chapter 2. Sound system /i/ a high front vowel which can be either short as in kintu but or long as in di:n day. /i/ can form minimal pairs with /e/ (ki: what – ke: who) or /a/ (di:n day – da:n gift) but the distinction between i and i: is purely distributional. /i/ can appear at the beginning, in the middle or at the end of words: initial medial final iti end citḥ i letter tumi you /e/ a mid-high front vowel which can be open as in kena buy or closed as in ke: who.

Others are easily recognisable. Below is a list of the common conjuncts in Bangla with their component parts. There is now a move in both West Bengal and Bangladesh to simplify conjunct letters by simply writing the component parts, eg instead of ∆ for k (k) + u (t) some modern books write ⁄u from which the two components can easily be recognised. However, Bengali schoolchildren still need to learn the original (and often more elegant) forms in order to read older texts. k + u (k + t) = ∆ (kt) mvy∆ mukti k + r (k + r) = œ (kr) Svœbhr śukrôbar k + X (k + ṣ) = Ç (kṣ) afpÇh �pekṣa W + k (ṅ + k) = ¬ (ṅk) a¬ �ṅkô W + g (ṅ + g = à (ṅg) sfà s�ṅge c + c (c + c) = Éc (cc) bhÉch bacca c + C (c + ch) = ÉC (cch) iÉCh iccha z + z (j + j) = ° (jj) l°h l�jja z + õ (j + ñ) = “ (jñ) yb“hn bijñan õ + c (ñ + c) = Å (ñc) aÅl �ñcx�l õ + z (ñ + j) = ´ (ñj) `gy´ ge ñji t + t (t� + t�) = Ñ (t�t�) ThÑh t�hat�t�a N + t (ṇ + t�) = ∂t (ṇt�) G∂th gh�ṇt�a N + T (ṇ + t�h) = ÷ (ṇt�h) k÷ k�ṇt�hô N + d (ṇ + d�) = ’ (ṇd�) Th’h t�haṇd�a u + u (t + t) = ≠ (tt) \≠r uttôr u + r (t + r) = « (tr) mh« matrô q + q (d + d) = Ø (dd) \fØSj uddesyô q + Q (d + dh) = º (ddh) xvº yuddhô q + b (d + v) = # (dv) #~# dv�ndvô q + B (d + bh) = À (dbh) aÀvu �dbhut n + u (n + t) = ™ (nt) a™r �ntôr n + u + r (n + t + r) = ì (ntr) mìY môntrī   Bengali n + U (n + th) = √ (nth) gî√ grônthô n + q (n+ d) = ~q nd m~q m�ndô n + Q (n + dh) = í ndh aí �ndhô n + n (n + n) = ê (nn) yBê bhinnô p + u (p + t) = ú (pt) uú t�ptô p + p (p + p) = ù (pp) gù g�ppô p + r (p + r) = — (pr) —hN praṇ b + q (b + d) = ûq (bd) Sûq ś�bdô b + Q b + dh) = bÜ (bdh) lvbÜ lubdhô m + p (m + p) = ôp (mp) kôp k�mpô m + B (m + bh) = ® (mbh) s®b s�mbh�b r + k (r + k) = kò (rk) ukò t�rkô r + u (r + t) = uò (rt) mVyuò mūrti S + c (ś + c) = Ÿc (śc) pyŸcm pôścim X + t (ṣ + t�) = § (ṣt�) ymy§ miṣt�i X + T (ṣ + t�h = ©T (ṣt�h) `Sî©T śreṣt�hô X + N (ṣ + ṇ) = ” (ṣṇ) \” uṣṇô s + k (s + k) = ãk (sk) ãkvl skul s + u (s + t) = Ä (st) rhÄh rasta s + u + r (s + t + r) = ã« (str) ymyã« mistri s + U (s + th) = ñ (sth) bjbñh bybôstha s + b (s + v) = … (sv) …gò sv�rgô M + n (h + n) = – (hn) yc– cihnô M + m (h + m) = Æ (hm) bîÆ br�hmô consonant vowel combinations g + \ (g + u) = ç (gu) gvMh guha u + r + \ (t + r + u) = «ß (tru) «ßyt trut�i n + u + \ (n + t + u) = ≤ yk≤ kintu r + \ (r + u) = rß (ru) rßyt rut�i r + | (r + ū) = r∑ (rū) r∑ph rūpa S + \ (ś + u) = ¿ (śu) ¿œbhr śukrôbar Chapter 3.

Bangla, alongside Assamese, Oriya and Bhojpuri (Bihari) developed out of the Magadhi branch, also known as Eastern Indo-Aryan. Chapter 1. Introduction The Bangla language can be dated back as far as 1000 years ago. The oldest texts which can be identified as being written in Bangla were found in Nepal by the ­Bengali scholar Haraprasad Shastri and published in 1909. They are Buddhist devotional songs known as Charyapada and dated between 900 and 1100 AD. It was during this period that Assamese, Oriya and Bangla split off from Sanskrit and from one another.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.06 of 5 – based on 48 votes