Bio-Technology Audit in Hungary: Guidelines, Implementation, by Ulrike Bross

By Ulrike Bross

Sustained financial progress in significant and japanese eu nations relies between others on a thorough technological restructuring. The software of expertise audit helps coverage makers in designing applicable suggestions for shaping technology and know-how guidelines during this technique. The publication develops in its conceptual half a strategy for the research of strengths and weaknesses of R&D structures and destiny parts of competitiveness which might be transferred additionally to different international locations during times of severe technological improvement. those instructions are in keeping with overseas top perform of assessment examine and useful stories within the transition context. The empirical a part of the booklet provides the findings of a expertise audit within the box of biotechnology in Hungary. in keeping with a world comparability of good fortune elements in biotechnology, promising components for Hunagrian technology and are pointed out. The ebook offers guidance for researchers and coverage makers and provides an in depth survey of the present nation of biotechnology in Hungary.

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Concerning methodological aspects, reliable information can be gathered through direct data collection methods which generate promising results. These analyses contribute substantially to an inventory of methods which can be employed in a technology audit in CEECs. 5 Research on the Knowledge Infrastructure The technological strengths of the knowledge infrastructure and the role of the public sector in technological development in CEECs has not yet been widely investigated. g. Dyker 1994) or concentrate on the political economy of the research system (Mayntz/Schimank/Weingart 1995).

Recommendations Q 44 In the following, the actual procedures and experiences during the OECD Technology Audit are briefly presented, as well as the experiences and possible suggestions for improvements summarised. 2 Audit Objectives The OECD formulated three main aims of technology audit (cf. Chapter 3): first, to identify competitive strengths and weaknesses, second, to develop policy options for the government and at the level of enterprises and third, to facilitate foreign investments. These aims served as starting points for the sectoral studies.

95 %of GPD on R&D in 1993, which is less than Hungarian spending in the 1980s (OECD 1996). The next chapter will focus on the mechanisms that led to the underemployment of resources available in science and education in CEECs. 2 Modernisation of Science and Industry Innovation can be defmed as the development of technologically new or improved products or techniques and their commercialisation in the market or implementation within production (Meyer-Krahmer 1987, p. 317). In CEECs, process innovations harness technological restructuring through introducing new resource-saving techniques into production.

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