Biology and ecology of venomous marine snails by Ramasamy Santhanam

By Ramasamy Santhanam

The first entire quantity completely on marine cone snails, this publication offers descriptions of over a hundred species of unsafe marine snails besides their organic and ecological features; the features of conotoxins; details on cone snail accidents and their remedy in addition to prevention measures; and the healing and medicinal price of conotoxins, together with as a robust nonaddictive painkiller, an epilepsy drug, and extra. Over 275 colour illustrations accompany the textual content for simple identity.

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Conus catus (Hwass in Bruguière, 1792) Apertural view Abapertural view 28 Biology and Ecology of Venomous Marine Snails Common Name: Cat cone Geographical Distribution: Red Sea, Indian Ocean along the Aldabra Atoll, Chagos, Madagascar, Mauritius, Tanzania and KwaZulu-Natal; Indo-West Pacific Region Habitat: Intertidally to depths of 8 m Identifying Features: Shell of this species is bulbous, with a convex, striate spire. Body whorl is striate and the striae are rounded. It is usually obsolete above, granular below, olive, chestnut-, chocolate- or pink-brown, variously marbled and flecked with white, often faintly white-banded below the middle.

Habitat: In fairly shallow water (1–50 meters), typically on coral reef platforms or lagoon pinnacles, as well as in sand, under rocks or sea grass. Identifying Features: Shell of this species is medium sized and moderately solid to heavy. Body whorl is conical and sides straight. About 10 to 12 weak and closely spaced spiral ridges are seen above the base. Body whorl is with weak regularly spaced spiral ribs on basal fourth to half. Shoulder is angulate and strongly tuberculate. Spire is low and its outline is straight.

Late spire whorls and shoulder are white, sometimes with paler ground color of body whorl between tubercles. Aperture is deep purple-violet. It is a vermiverous species that feeds on polychaetes and hemichordates. Adults are generally between 30 and 81 mm. These snails are predatory and venomous. org/uniprot/C8CK76). Conus magus (Linnaeus, 1758) Abapertural view Apertural view Profile of Venomous Marine Snails 35 Common Name: Magical cone; magician’s cone snail, magus cone Geographical Distribution: Red Sea; in the Indian Ocean along Madagascar and the Mascarene Basin; in Pacific Ocean from Indonesia to Japan and to the Marshall Islands, Wallis and Futuna and Fiji, but mainly centered on the Philippines.

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