Biomineralization and Biological Metal Accumulation: by P. Westbroek (auth.), P. Westbroek, E. W. de Jong (eds.)

By P. Westbroek (auth.), P. Westbroek, E. W. de Jong (eds.)

Biominerals are generated through the delicate interplay of organic association and mineral progress. They belong either to the residing and the inanimate global and as such their genesis is likely one of the such a lot intri­ guing and basic topics in technological know-how. despite the fact that, the conceptual and technical assets which are on hand in actual chemistry and within the organic sciences is frequently insufficient for the elucidation of the professional­ blems concerned, and therefore this box is very tough to ex­ plore. this can be an immense it's because primary examine on bio­ mineralization mechanisms has usually been performed through a com­ paratively small team of scientists. There are symptoms, notwithstanding, that the placement is ripe for a transformation. a variety of conferences on biomineralization were prepared within the previous few years, quite within the scientific quarter. it truly is normally felt that extra advancements within the treatment of bone and teeth ailments can be mostly depending on a higher knowing of the fundamen­ tal underlying mechanisms of biomineralization.

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Additional info for Biomineralization and Biological Metal Accumulation: Biological and Geological Perspectives Papers presented at the Fourth International Symposium on Biomineralization, Renesse, The Netherlands, June 2–5, 1982

Example text

Cherno, chemical G. auto, self G. trophic, feeding Beggiatoa Ni trosomonas nitrite, nitrate, nitrous oxide, sulfate M-14 Omnibacteria L. omni, all G. bacteria, little sticks Caulobacter Escherichia Serratia Erwinia nitrogen, nitrate, nitrous oxides, *organic transformations M-lS Actinobacteria. Actinomycota. Mycelial actinospore forming facultatively or obligately aerobic bacteria. G. actina, ray G. bacteria, little sticks Streptomyces Nocardia *organic transformations M-16 Myxobacteria. Heterotrophic gliding and fruiting structure forming bacteria.

Zoo, animal G. ail08~ Xanthophyta. Bimastigotes with yellow green plastids, nonmeiotic G. xanthos, yellow G. phyta, plants Ophiocytium PR-IO Eustigmatophyta. Mastigotes with stigmas (eyespots) and chlorophyll ~ and l containing plastids. G. eu, true Vischeria Pleurochloris oxygen PR-II Bacillariophyta. Diatoms. Silica testate diploid eukaryotic microorganisms with gametic meiosis and chlorophyll a and c containing plastid... L. bacillario, little sticks G. phyta, plants Thallassiosira Melosira silica tests oxygen Echinochrysis Sarcinochrysis nonmeiotic mastigotes tests (coccoliths) oxygen with chlorophyll b containing plastids.

114. 4. : 1981, Coevolution 29, p. 58. 5. GiJbert 6. : 1966, Icarus 7, p. 149. 7. K. B. : 1954, Biochemisb:y of the Terrestrial Atrrosphere, in the Solar System (ed. Kuiper), Chapter 8, University of Chicago Press. 9. : 1974, Tellus 25, p. 1. 10. : 1982, J. Planet. , in press. 11. : 1982, Nature 296, p. 561. 12. : 1974, Icarus 21, p. 471. 13. : 195B, Am. Sci. 46, p. 205. 14. : 1982, Science 215, p. 1498. 15. : 1966, Tellus 18, p. 198. 16. , J. Geophys. , in press. 17. llS la, p. 293. E. 5 billion-year-old history.

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