By Terry Crowley
Bislama is the nationwide language of Vanuatu, the world’s so much linguistically varied country with a minimum of eighty actively spoken Oceanic languages utilized by approximately 200,000 humans. Bislama all started as a plantation pidgin according to English within the 19th century, however it has considering constructed right into a specified language with a grammar and vocabulary very varied from English. it truly is one in all only a few nationwide languages for which there's no on hand reference grammar. This booklet goals to fill this hole via delivering an in depth account of the grammar of Bislama because it is utilized by usual Ni-Vanuatu. It doesn't, for this reason, objective to explain any form of synthetic written norm yet units out to seize a variety of other kinds of the way that Ni-Vanuatu will say issues in a variety of contexts, either written and spoken, formal and casual. The thrust of this quantity is to teach that Bislama has a grammar—an surprising suggestion for these knowledgeable in Vanuatu. It additionally exhibits that Bislama is a language of substantial complexity, for you to come as a shock to a lot of its clients, who've been taught to view their language as in some way "simple" or even "deficient." Oceanic Linguistics unique ebook, No. 31
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Extra resources for Bislama Reference Grammar (Oceanic Linguistics Special Publications)
Similarly, if a word two with then the entire consonants of (or more) consonants, begins sequence will belong to the first syllable of the word. Thus: sti-a 'steering wheel', tro-ka 'trochus', sto-a 'shop', stu-den 'student', tra-bol 'trouble'. as either a single syllable or as two syllables. We therefore find al? ternations between boks and bo-kis 'box', siks and si-kis 'six', fens and fe-nis 'fence', smol andsi-mol 'small', andblu and bu-lu 'blue'. Where two (or more) consonants come together in the middle of the word, the rule for dividing the word into syllables requires us to assign the first of the consonants to the preceding syllable, while the second consonant (along with any others) belongs to the following syllable.
Tences that indicate that the same word can also function as a verb. Look at the following: Codrington i stap skul long saed blong Franis. 4) rather than a noun. There are many other facts about the behavior of skul which indicate that it can also be considered to be a verb: (a) It can follow / or oli: Olpikinini oli skul long Inglis. ' (b) It can come after words like save, bin, mas, and wantem: Mi bin skul long Vureas bifo. ' Yumi evriwan imas skul gud blong kasem save. ' Boe blong Taso i no wantem skul long aelan.
1 This means that we cannot break sipsip 'sheep' down into any smaller parts that are meaningful in Bislama today. 1) than in this section on nouns. This is because the process of re? duplication is not very frequently used in the derivation of new nouns, whereas it is extremely commonly used in the formation of verbs. When a noun is reduplicated, we repeat the entire root to create a new word rather than just repeating a part of the root (as is typically the case when verbs are reduplicated).