By Gabriele Centi, Paola Lanzafame (auth.), László Guczi, András Erdôhelyi (eds.)
The bring up of greenhouse gases within the surroundings and the lessen of the on hand volume of fossil fuels necessitate discovering new replacement and sustainable strength assets within the close to destiny. This ebook summarizes the function and the probabilities of catalysis within the construction of latest strength vendors and within the usage of alternative power resources. the most target of this paintings is to head past these effects mentioned in fresh literature by means of opting for new advancements which could result in breakthroughs within the construction of different strength. The publication discusses using biomass or biomass derived fabrics as power assets, hydrogen formation in methanol and ethanol reforming, biodiesel creation, and the usage of biogases. Separate sections additionally care for gas cells, photocatalysis, and sunlight cells, that are all promising procedures for strength construction that rely seriously on catalysts.
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Extra resources for Catalysis for Alternative Energy Generation
Catalysis is the first and more effective (also in economic terms) example of nanotechnologies, and there is the need to extend the wide range of available knowledge on contiguous areas such as that of electrodes to develop improved technologies for energy storage and conversion. Energy is a complex and pervasive problem that no one has the crystal ball to make exact predictions, and thus, the points summarized above remain in part personal opinions about the possible near and far future of the different technical approaches and their economic and social impacts.
Int J Hydrogen Energy 33(21):5931–5940 51. Wipke K, Sprik S, Kurtz J, Ramsden T (2010) Learning demonstration interim progress report—July 2010. Technical report NREL/TP-560-49129 (Sept 2010). National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO 52. Liu C, Li F, Lai-Peng M, Cheng H-M (2010) Advanced materials for energy storage. Adv Mater 22(8):E28–E62 53. Serrano E, Rus G, Garcı´a-Martı´nez J (2009) Nanotechnology for sustainable energy. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 13(9):2373–2384 Chapter 2 Catalytic Production of Liquid Hydrocarbon Transportation Fuels Juan Carlos Serrano-Ruiz and James A.
The first technology (Sect. 1) allows biomass transformation into synthesis gas (syngas), 2 Catalytic Production of Liquid Hydrocarbon Transportation Fuels 35 Fig. 2 Schematic representation of the different routes for the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass into liquid hydrocarbon transportation fuels a valuable mixture of CO and H2 which serves as a precursor of liquid hydrocarbon fuels. The second path (Sect. 2) converts solid biomass into a liquid fraction known as bio-oil, which can be further upgraded to gasoline and diesel components.