By Ashok K. Dutt, A.G. Noble, G. Venugopal, S. Subbiah
This publication is exclusive in that it brings forth the character and features of twenty first century Asian urbanization. It offers a simple framework, fairly because it pertains to the styles, features and difficulties linked to urbanization. city structural versions are mentioned with regards to their applicability and non-applicability. it's of relevance to researchers and scholars operating within the fields of social geography, Asian reports, city economies, city and local making plans and social matters.
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Extra info for Challenges to Asian Urbanization in the 21st Century (GeoJournal Library)
C. Are there significant differences between foreign and domestic companies in terms of their activities and corporate locational behaviors? In other words, is there a significant foreign presence discernable in the urban landscape? IDENTIFYING AND MEASURING CORPORATE ACTIVITY Our data collection on foreign corporations consisted of three steps, implemented between 1998-2000. First, we identified and mined all available listings of foreign companies and their addresses from local sources. Second, we combined these listings while checking for overlaps and inconsistencies, resulting in a single ‘master-list’ of foreign companies with addresses for each city.
In short, our master-lists are rather eclectic in terms of the type of foreign companies that are included. One other feature of the data set is worth mentioning. In the survey we targeted the headquarters of each company. The location of a company may not be confined to the address of the headquarters. Many of the larger companies have their headquarters and managerial staff in a prime business area, while back office work and factories will be located elsewhere in the city or beyond. Our mapping of the economic geographies of Accra and Mumbai is confined to company headquarters and should, therefore, be understood as geography of corporate command and control.
Notwithstanding, transnational corporations will continue to command ever-larger amounts of the world’s resources, thus controlling development opportunities. CONCLUSION In this chapter we have argued one must necessarily focus on Asian and African nations and their cities in explaining the development and emergence of the world’s most populous cities. To the extent that “Asian (and African) cities represent different settings culturally, physiographically, and economically from those of the Western world” it is problematic and intellectually unfulfilling to “postulate a generalized Asian (or African) city growth pattern and set of characteristics” without recourse to a “global view” (Dutt and Noble 1996, 1).