China Urbanizes: Consequences, Strategies, and Policies by Shahid Yusuf, Anthony Saich

By Shahid Yusuf, Anthony Saich

The most important demanding situations dealing with China within the subsequent 20 years derive from the continuing technique of urbanization. China's urbanization cost in 2005 used to be approximately 43%. Over the following 10-15 years, China s urbanization expense is anticipated to upward push to good over 50% including an extra 2 hundred million normally rural migrants to the present city inhabitants of 560 million. How China copes with this type of huge migration move will strongly effect rural-urban inequality, the speed at which city facilities extend their financial functionality, and the city surroundings. The becoming inhabitants will necessitate an enormous push technique to retain excessive price of funding in housing and the city actual infrastructure and concrete providers. To finance such growth would require an important strengthening and diversification of China s economic system. starting to be towns will significantly raise intake of power and water. Containing this with out whilst constraining the commercial functionality of towns or the advance within the criteria of residing will demand enlightened regulations, techniques, cautious city making plans, and demanding technological advances. China Urbanizes: results, options, and regulations identifies the most important advancements to observe and discusses the guidelines that will have an effect on the direction in addition to the fruitfulness of swap.

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World Politics 45 (1): 99–126. ” 2006. Financial Times, October 20. Ouyang, Tingping, Zhaoyu Zhu, and Yaoqiu Kuang. 2006. ” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 120 (1–3): 313–25. Pan, Jiahua. 2002. ” Program on Energy and Sustainable Development Working Paper 12, Stanford University, Stanford, CA. Pannell, Clifton W. 1992. ” In Urbanizing China, ed. Gregory Eliyu Guldin. New York: Greenwood Press. (c) The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank 38 China Urbanizes: Consequences, Strategies, and Policies –––––.

Qian, Yingyi. 1999. ” Paper presented at the Annual World Bank Conference on Development Economics, Washington, DC, April 29. Ravallion, Martin, Shaohua Chen, and Prem Sangraula. 2007. ” World Bank Background Paper 2008, Washington, DC. , and Trevor Houser. 2007. ” Peterson Institute for International Economics, Washington, DC. , and William C. Strange. 2004. ” In Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, ed. J. Vernon Henderson and Jacques-François Thisse, 2119–71. North Holland. Roumasset, James, Hua Wang, and Kimberly Burnett.

Genetically modified varieties of rice, wheat, soybean, potato, rapeseed, cabbage, and tomatoes are under development or being introduced (Huang and others 2007). (c) The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank Optimizing Urban Development 17 (Jin and others 2002). According to Liu and Wang (2005), between 1991 and 1999, technological advances were responsible for more than half of growth in agricultural productivity in China. A continuing shift toward animal husbandry, horticulture, and offfarm activities should gradually raise farm incomes, but substantial gains through a large increase in the prices of major grains, for example, would incur heavy fiscal costs, face resistance from urban interests, and be subject to restrictions by the World Trade Organization (WTO).

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