Cities, Transport and Communications: The Integration of by H. Dick, P. Rimmer

By H. Dick, P. Rimmer

This e-book exhibits the influence of globalization on Southeast Asia, which over a number of many years has advanced from a unfastened set of war-torn ex-colonies to being a centre of worldwide production. concentrating on towns, the authors clarify the emergence of contemporary Southeast Asia and its expanding integration into the area financial system by means of exhibiting how technological swap, fiscal improvement and politics have reworked the flows of products, humans and data.

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Example text

It was no natural or inevitable process but the outcome of a low-key but intense and protracted political struggle. Structures of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a vast region of land and sea. 6) (UN 1995). However, the sea enclosed within these national boundaries constitutes an area as large again. The Malay term Tanah Air (Land and Sea) elegantly describes this vast archipelago of islands and peninsulas. Historically, it has been the sea rather than the land, much of it jungle, which has given the region its unique character.

Junks had long given way to steamers, mostly enjoying the security of European flags but still under control of Chinese brokers, agents and compradors. In 1930 five regular lines provided about ten sailings a month to Hong Kong, Swatow and Amoy (Xiamen); Chinese brokers were also prominent in trade with Bangkok and Saigon. Not until the 1940s, however, did principals in these networks begin to break out of the colonial straightjacket. The intra-Asian provisioning trades became more important as export zones ceased to be self-sufficient in food.

Trade still depended upon the seasonal monsoon winds. 1). After Siam was opened to western trade in 1855, they would also quickly dominate that trade as well. Smaller local prahu nevertheless remained prominent in local trades within the Archipelago. Western-owned sailing ships in the long-distance China tea trade did not necessarily call at Singapore. 2). Even Raffles could not have foreseen how Singapore’s advantage would be enhanced by steamships and the opening of the Suez Canal, which after December 1869 made the Straits of Malacca the shortest passage between Europe, Asia and the Pacific.

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