By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, Committee on the Fundamentals of Computer Science: Challenges and Opportunities
Computing device technology: Reflections at the box, Reflections from the sphere offers a concise characterization of key principles that lie on the center of machine technology (CS) learn. The ebook deals an outline of CS learn spotting the richness and variety of the sphere. It brings jointly dozen essays on various facets of CS study, their motivation and effects. by means of describing in available shape desktop science’s highbrow personality, and via conveying a feeling of its vibrancy via a suite of examples, the e-book goals to arrange readers for what the long run may possibly carry and aid to encourage CS researchers in its construction.
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Extra info for Computer Science: Reflections On The Field, Reflections From Field
Thus, instead of executing instruction A, then instruction B, and then instruction C, we try to do instructions A, B, and C at the same time. To exploit instruction level parallelism past a few instructions, however, it is necessary to predict the outcomes of program decisions (often embodied in branch instructions) and speculatively execute subsequent instructions. Instruction level parallelism techniques have been so successful that modern microprocessors can have several dozen instructions in execution at any one time!
What methods do they use? ). The discussion below elucidates seven major themes without attempting to fully enumerate all the research subfields within computer science, to prescribe a research agenda, or to define the boundaries of computer science. SALIENT CHARACTERISTICS OF COMPUTER SCIENCE RESEARCH The character of a research field arises from the phenomena it seeks to understand and manipulate together with the types of questions the discipline seeks to answer about these phenomena. This section identifies phenomena and intellectual challenges central to computer science, describing the key ideas and the identifying work that has helped to develop those ideas.
Eventually, almost all computing technologies will be supplanted by newer ones. One emerging candidate uses synthetic organic molecules to perform switching and storage. Another seeks to exploit quantum superposition to change both the model and the implementation of some future computers (see Bennett in this chapter). Both approaches, however, are unproven and may yet be surpassed by other technologies, some of which are not yet invented. Moreover, we are not yet close to “fundamental” limits.