Contemporary Gangs: An Organizational Analysis (Criminal by Deborah Lamm Weisel

By Deborah Lamm Weisel

Modern gangs are chronic regardless of efforts to regulate them. Theories of gangs clarify the emergence of gangs yet provide little perception into their endurance and development. Weisel tested the organizational features of 4 legal gangs. even supposing even huge gangs look disorganized, they aren't ephemeral teams. as a substitute, the gangs characteristic features of organic-adaptive firms instead of hierarchical or bureaucratic companies. As such, those gangs function combined ambitions, shared selection making, a constitution in line with subdivisions, and a generalist orientation. Such beneficial properties advertise potency in a hugely unstable atmosphere and give a contribution to raises within the measurement and variety of modern gangs in the United States.

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Sample text

Since few organizational environments are static, such organizational transformation or adaptation is necessary for new organizations to persist. Understanding Gangs: Contributions of Research and Theory 29 Organizational Growth and Size Much of the organizational theory literature is dedicated to analyzing growth and size of organizations, and the associated impact of these related phenomena on organizational structure. Growth of organizations is not an instantaneous occurrence, according to organizational theorists.

Such analogies are tempting "because it facilitates the reduction of social complexities to a few parsimonious ordering principles" (p. 135). Tichy (1980) also points out that organizations do not have predictable phases or linear stages through which they evolve; instead, organizations are more influenced by factors such as "environmental threats, opportunities, size, and technology than by unfolding maturational processes" (p. 165). The phases of organizations are cyclical processes based on dynamics of social systems not maturational processes, according to Tichy.

Organizations proliferate, that is, the specific population becomes more dense or these organizations become larger - increasing organizational mass - when there are sufficient resources to make the organizational form and size efficient. New organizations tend to imitate the successful organizational form that comprises the population, creating a pull towards an equilibrium number of organizations of a similar size. What is the applicability of these concepts to gangs? The next section addresses the key linkages between gangs and organizational theory.

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