By Chanakya Arya
This 3rd version of a well-liked textbook is a concise single-volume creation to the layout of structural parts in concrete, metal, bushes, masonry, and composites. It provides layout rules and counsel according to either British criteria and Eurocodes, present today 2007. issues mentioned contain the philosophy of layout, simple structural ideas, and fabric houses. After an advent and review of structural layout, the publication is comfortably divided into sections in line with British criteria and Eurocodes.
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Additional info for Design of structural elements: concrete, steelwork, masonry and timber designs to British standards and Eurocodes
Support conditions (Fig. 5). The radius of gyration, r, is a sectional property which provides a measure of the column’s ability to resist buckling. 11) Generally, the higher the slenderness ratio, the greater the tendency for buckling and hence the lower the load capacity of the column. 10 (Chapter 3). Steel columns, on the other hand, are designed to fail by a combination of buckling and crushing. Empirical relations have been derived to predict the design stress in steel columns in terms of the slenderness ratio (Chapter 4).
1, unit mass of reinforced concrete is 2400 kg m−3. 7 kN m−1 run DESIGN LOAD Each internal beam supports a uniformly distributed load from a 3 m width of slab (hatched \\\\\\\) plus self-weight. 3 Design loads on floor beams and columns The floor shown below with an overall depth of 225 mm is to be designed to carry an imposed load of 3 kN m−2 plus floor finishes and ceiling loads of 1 kN m−2. Calculate the design loads acting on beams B1–C1, B2–C2 and B1–B3 and columns B1 and C1. Assume that all the column heights are 3 m and that the beam and column weights are 70 and 60 kg m−1 run respectively.
Reinforced concrete is used in many civil engineering applications such as the construction of structural frames, foundations, retaining walls, water retaining structures, highways and bridges. They are normally designed in accordance with the recommendations given in various documents including BS 5400: Part 4: Code of practice for design of concrete bridges, BS 8007: Code of practice for the design of concrete structures for retaining aqueous liquids and BS 8110: Structural use of concrete. Since the primary aim of this book is to give guidance on the design of structural elements, this is best illustrated by considering the contents of BS 8110.