Disfluency in Swedish Human-Human and Human-Machine Travel by Robert Eklund

By Robert Eklund

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Cross-corpus differences for filled pauses...................................................... 14. Durational results for filled pauses................................................................. 15. Distribution of filled pauses relative to word classes ..................................... 16. General incidence of prolongations ................................................................ 17. Cross-corpus differences for prolongations....................................................

Should they be regarded as performance errors, or even pathological errors, or do they form a natural part of human language, and actually make language easier to understand and use? 17. 54 The etiology of disfluency • Terminology and definitions Given the number of diverse fields listed above, and given the various amounts of rationales for studying disfluency, it comes as no surprise that there is no one set of terms or definitions to be found when discussing disfluency. Instead, although the term disfluency is (at the time of writing) the most common (since it was introduced in 1961, as far as I can tell), there are good reasons for criticizing it on the basis of an assumed fluency, and the notion that this alleged fluency would sort of be dis:ed when speakers of a language utter things like er or uhm.

2, p. 30. Once the tongue started moving during speech, it presented a whole new situation with regard to motor control. Roger S. Fouts & Gabriel Waters. 2003. Unbalanced human apes and syntax. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, vol. 26, no. 2, p. 221. ‘Perfect’ fluency and ‘normal’ fluency are often confused. Curtis Tuthill. 1946. A Quantitative Study of Extensional Meaning with Special References to Stuttering. Speech Monographs, vol. 13, p. 96. [N]o speaker is as fluent as an old mill stream. Wendell Johnson et al.

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