Dynamics and Structure of Quiescent Solar Prominences by E. R. Priest (auth.), E. R. Priest (eds.)

By E. R. Priest (auth.), E. R. Priest (eds.)

Prominences are outstanding items of serious good looks whose formation, simple constitution and eruption symbolize one of many easy unsolved difficulties in sunlight Physics. it's now 14 years because the final publication on prominences seemed (Tandberg-Hanssen, 1974), within which time a lot development in our wisdom of the physics of prominences has been made, and so the time is ripe for a brand new textual content publication which it's was hoping might be a beneficial precis of the topic for college students, postdocs and sunlight researchers. certainly, the previous couple of years has obvious an upsurge in curiosity in prominences as a result of excessive­ answer ground-and space-based observations and advances in concept. for instance, an IAU colloquium used to be held in Oslo (Jensen et al, 1978), a sun greatest project Workshop came about at Goddard area correct middle (poland, 1986), an IAU Colloquium is deliberate in Yugoslavia in September 1989 in prominences and it really is anticipated that the SOHO satellite tv for pc might be one more stimulus to prominence examine. In November 1987 a Workshop at the Dynamics and constitution of sun Prominences used to be held in Palma Mallorca on the invitation of Jose Luis Ballester with the purpose of bringing observers and theorists jointly and having lots of time for in-depth discussions of the elemental physics of promi­ nences.

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47 E. R. ), Dynamics and Structures o/Quiescent Solar Prominences, 47-76. © 1988 by Kluwer Academic Publishers. ENGVOLD coronal matter or by evaporation of chromo spheric material? Several theoretical models have been put forward to explain the support of quiescent prominences, but the detailed mechanisms are not well understood (Chapter 6). Studies of the structure, dynamics, and thermodynamic conditions of the environment provide insight to the problems outlined above. Quiescent prominences are located at the base of coronal helmet streamers.

SCHMIEDER the prominence plasma. Before 1970, most work was devoted to the study of hydrogen Balmer lines but now with the advent of UV space observations (Skylab 73,OSO 8, SMM 80) it has become possible to fit hydrogen lines of the Lyman series such as L", and L,6. More complete calculations using the technique of complete linearization have been performed by Poland et al (1971), Heasley et al (1974), Heasley and Mihalas (1976), Heasley and Milkey (1976,1978). These authors start with classical one-dimensional slab models, generally isothermal, of quiescent prominences irradiated by photospheric, chromospheric and coronal radiation.

Whenever a bipolar element exists close to the neutral line, one finds a break of some sort in the prominence structure (Zirin 1988). 8. A map of the magnetic field observed with the MSDP inside and near a filament channel (11 October 1977). An isophotic Ha image shows the position of the filament channel. Note the many small bipolar magnetic fields in the channel (Martres et al. 1981). 2 POLEWARD MIGRATION OF FILAMENT CHANNELS High latitude filament channels are oriented chiefly east-west form nearly uninterrupted circumpolar crowns.

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