By Takeru Akazawa, Yoshihiro Nishiaki, Kenichi Aoki
This quantity offers the 1st of 2 court cases from the overseas convention at the alternative of Neanderthals by way of sleek people, which came about in Tokyo in November 2012. Focussing on a hugely cutting edge operating speculation referred to as the ‘learning hypothesis’, which makes an attempt to provide an explanation for the alternative due to alterations within the studying talents of those hominid populations, the convention served because the most modern multidisciplinary dialogue discussion board in this exciting Palaeoanthropological factor. the current quantity experiences on results of the convention in 3 significant sections. half 1 presents an archaeological review of the procedures of replacement/assimilation of Neanderthals through smooth people. half 2 contains archaeological and ethnographic case experiences exploring proof of studying behaviours in prehistoric and sleek hunter-gatherer societies. half three provides a set of papers that without delay contributes to the definition, validation and trying out of the educational speculation by way of inhabitants biology and evolutionary conception. a complete of 18 papers during this quantity make to be had to readers exact cultural views on mechanisms of the replacement/assimilation of Neanderthals via glossy people and urged relationships among those mechanisms and diversified studying strategies.
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Additional info for Dynamics of Learning in Neanderthals and Modern Humans Volume 1: Cultural Perspectives
2012), I will also discuss whether claims for the precocious occurrence of other forms of the Aurignacian in southern Germany and Austria are supported by dating and stratigraphy. 1 Early Ahmarian: Kebara The cave of Kebara, Israel (Bar-Yosef and Meignen 2007), has been the key site for the radiocarbon dating of the Middle-to-Upper Paleolithic transition in Southwest Asia, but the results on charcoal reported by Bar-Yosef et al. 1) for the corresponding levels show many inconsistencies. Two open air sites in the Negev (Boker Tachtit and Boker A; Marks 1983; Jones et al.
In this regard, a relevant cautionary tale is provided by Douka's (2011) dating of a Glycymeris shell tool from Ksar' Akil (Lebanon) whose age turned out to be seven millennia older than that of the Evolved Aurignacian context where it was found. Conceivably, the dating anomalies pointed out in the preceding section could relate to this problem instead of reflecting episodes of human occupation that went unrecognized at the time of excavation. 4 ka 14C BP bivalve fragment from level D could represent an object of Mousterian age likewise humancollected in later, Uluzzian times.
In addition, chronostratigrapy shows that the Châtelperronian precedes the Aurignacian, the putative interstratification of Châtelperronian and Aurignacian levels at the sites of Le Piage, Roc-de-Combe and Grotte des Fées representing in fact excavation error and post-depositional disturbance or mixing. In short, since, at the time, there were no modern humans around to trade with or imitate, Acculturation is an empirically invalid explanation of the Grotte du Renne record. Moreover, as discussed at greater length elsewhere (Zilhão 2007), at the time the Châtelperronian emerged in France, Southwest Asia was, overland, the closest place where a modern human presence is conceivable; therefore, if the Grotte du Renne's Châtelperronian resulted from long distance acculturation, the same sort of process should be apparent in the intervening geography, which is not the case.