By Fernando Pacheco-Torgal
Eco-efficient building and construction fabrics reports methods of assessing the environmental impression of building and development fabrics. half one discusses the appliance of lifestyles cycle evaluate (LCA) method to development fabrics in addition to eco-labelling. half contains case stories displaying the applying of LCA method to sorts of development fabric, from cement and urban to wooden and adhesives utilized in development. half 3 comprises case reports employing LCA method to specific buildings and parts.
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Additional info for Eco-efficient construction and building materials: Life cycle assessment (LCA), eco-labelling and case studies
A. A. A. A. A. A. 3 Degree of depletion as a percentage of the main non-fuel mineral commodity reserves. Updated from Valero and Valero (2010a). of 31 years, tin (77%, 19 years), arsenic (75%, 23 years), antimony (74%, 11 years), gold (74%, 21 years), lead (73%, 21 years) and silver (72%, 19 years). Conversely, the minerals of caesium, thorium, rare earth elements (REE), iodine, vanadium, potash, platinum group metals (PGM), tantalum, aluminium and cobalt are the least depleted commodities, having extracted less than 20% of their respective reserves.
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