Eco-efficient Masonry Bricks and Blocks: Design, Properties by Fernando Pacheco-Torgal

By Fernando Pacheco-Torgal

Masonry partitions represent the interface among the building’s inside and the outdoors setting. Masonry partitions are ordinarily composed of fired-clay bricks (solid or perforated) or blocks (concrete or earth-based), yet some time past (and even within the current) they have been frequently linked as wanting an additional specified thermal and acoustical insulation layer. notwithstanding, over more moderen years investigations on thermal and acoustical beneficial properties has ended in the advance of latest better bricks and blocks that not desire those insulation layers. conventional masonry devices (fired-clay bricks, concrete or earth-based blocks) that don’t supply more suitable functionality when it comes to thermal and acoustical insulation are an emblem of a low-technology prior, which are a long way faraway from the calls for of sustainable construction.

This booklet presents an up to date state of the art overview at the eco-efficiency of masonry devices, specific emphasis is put on the layout, houses, functionality, longevity and LCA of those fabrics. for the reason that masonry devices also are a very good method to reuse bulk business waste the publication may be vital within the context of the Revised Waste Framework Directive 2008/98/EC which states that the minimal reuse and recycling objectives for development and demolition waste (CDW) will be at the very least 70% by means of 2020. at the ninth of March 2011 the ecu Union authorized the legislation (EU) 305/2011, referred to as the development items law (CPR) and it'll be enforced after the first of July 2013. the long run commercialization of building fabrics in Europe makes their environmental evaluation crucial that means that additional information regarding the environmental functionality of establishing fabrics is way wanted.

  • Provides an authoritative advisor to the eco-efficiency of masonry units
  • Examines the reuse of waste materials
  • Covers a number fabrics together with, clay, cement, earth and pumice

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14). The values of hysteretic-dissipated energy are low in case of narrow hysteresis loops of the force-displacement diagrams or when the “pinching” effect is visible, which happens when force-displacement diagrams present an S shape. This is the case of the results pointed out by Da Porto et al. (2009) for hollow clay brick masonry walls with different types of bed and head joints and also in case of walls tested by Lourenço et al. (2010). The relation between dissipated and input energy pointed out by Tomazevic et al.

2010). Vertically perforated clay brick masonry for loadbearing and non-loadbearing masonry walls. Construction and Building Materials, 24(11), 2317e2330. , & Calvi, G. M. (1997). In-plane seismic response of brick masonry walls. Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 26, 1091e1112. McNary, W. , & Abrams, D. P. (1985). Mechanics of masonry compression. Journal of Structural Engineering, 111(4), 857e870. Menezes, R. , Ferreira, H. , Neves, G. , Lira, H. , & Ferreira, H. C. (2005). Use of granite sawing wastes in the production of ceramic brick sand tiles.

2005). ), ISBN 0-9737209-0-5. , & Gutlederer, B. M. (2007). Allowing for uncertainties in the modeling of masonry compressive strength. Construction and Building Materials, 16(7), 1385e1393. EN 13501-1. (2002). Classification using test data from reaction to fire tests. EN 1996-1-1. (2005). Eurocode 6: Design of masonry structures e Part1-1: Rules for reinforced and unreinforced masonry. EN 1998-1-1. (2004). Eurocode 8: Design of structures for earthquake resistance e Part 1: General rules, seismic actions and rules for buildings.

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