Energy application of biomass by M.Z. Lowenstein

By M.Z. Lowenstein

This E. & F. N. Spon identify is now disbursed through Routledge within the US and Canada

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If these numbers are added, it is seen that with current technology the cost of energy fiber would be between $7 and $33/dry ton and therefore would be competitive with coal at a delivered cost of $60/ton. Further technology advances in silviculture and harvesting, coupled with ultimate pressure on coal suppliers and higher oil prices, should continue to widen the gap and make tree biomass for energy the fuel of economic choice in most instances. In the case of a native forest that is being clearcut, the ratio of energy fiber to lumber and chips is higher than in plantations due to the extra defective, dead, and small trees and unutilized species.

23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. S. Margaris, 207–225, Dr. Junk, publishers, Dordrecht, 1985. Pimental, M. , D. Hall, Academic Press, Inc. , 67–90, 1984. , New York, 1984. Borlaug, N. ‘Feeding the world during the next doubling of the world population’, Chemistry and World Food Supplies: The New Frontiers, Chemrawn II, Perspectives and Recommendations, IRRI, Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines, 133–158, 1982. R. Shemilt, IRRI, Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines, 65–88, 1982. Body, R. ‘Agriculture: the triumph and the shame’, Temple Smith, London, 1983.

9 CONCLUSIONS There are excesses of both food and energy in the world at present. Many countries with food shortages could, with long-term planning, greater political and financial recognition for agriculture, and more research and development raise their crop production dramatically. Of greater concern, in our opinion, are the more serious consequences of overuse of biomass as a source of energy. The quality of planning and control required to manage and/or change biomass use is generally lacking where it is most needed.

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