Exercices de lecture. De Rabelais à Paul Valéry by Marc Fumaroli

By Marc Fumaroli

"Les exercices de lecture que j'ai réunis dans ce quantity ont été écrits, et parfois réécrits, au cours de longues années. Les œuvres, ou les groupes d'œuvres, auxquels ces exercices s'appliquent, essais de tous ordres, mémoires, récits de voyage, tragédies, poésies, romans, s'étendent du XVIe au XIXe siècle.

Certaines de ces œuvres figurent parmi les classiques de los angeles littérature française. D'autres, le plus grand nombre, voisinent plus ou moins étroitement avec ces "sommets" aperçus de tous et contribuent à les éclairer. S'il fallait trouver après coup un fil conducteur à ces exercices, dont chacun a été conçu pour lui-même et peut être lu à half, ce serait l. a. fonction de los angeles littérature en France comme lien de civilisation entre individus jaloux de leur individualité, fonction qui l'a mise en concurrence avec sa mère et rivale, l'Église et l. a. faith chrétienne.

D'exercice en exercice, absorbé et éveillé chaque fois autrement, je ne me suis jamais proposé d'échafauder une théorie de l. a. littérature, ni une méthode de critique littéraire, mais de découvrir dans chaque cas los angeles juste distance de regard et d'écoute qui exchange en leur lieu, en leur heure, en leur humeur propre, l'œuvre ou le groupe d'œuvres qui m'ont retenu, afin d'en recueillir le murmure intime ou les intentions communes. C'était prendre le risque de l'extrême diversité, voire de l'éclatement, mais c'était aussi aller au-devant de los angeles likelihood de ressaisir des fidélités insistantes et fécondes, rajeunies pendant de nombreuses générations."

Marc Fumaroli.

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Journey co the purchase, from the garment tO fuod: a train can open omo a shoe stalL Dedicated co commeree, co rransitivn, co deparrure, and yet kept in a unique struerure, the station (moreover, is that whar this new complex shüuld be called)) is stripped of that sacred character which ordinarily qualifies the major landmarks of our cities: eathedrals, town halls, historical monumems. ts concentration; one might say that it is only thc prcp

36 LR , '~de:J. iIU tabuA "I j ~ f. L hc ~ fKt-t. 'n, placed on ehe raeher empry map (ehe sereers are nor named) like a news flash; ir assurnes rh ar srrongly signifying idenriry wh ich Prousr, in his fashion, has explored in his Place Names. If the neighbvrhood is quite Iimired, dense, contained, terminared beneatlt its name, ir is because ie has a center, bur this center is spirirually empry: usually it is astation. The station, a vast organism which houses ehe big erains, the urban trains, ehe subway, a deparrmem score, and a whole underground commerce-the starion gives rhe disrricr this landmark whieh, aceording co cerrain urbanists, permirs the ciry tü signify, co be read.

Anonymity is compensated fOt by a certain number of expedients (at least this is how they look to us), whose combination forms a system. One can figure Out the address by a (written or printed ) schema of orientation, a kind of r gcographical summary whICh situares the domieile stdning from a known landmark, a train station, for instanee. (The inhabitants exeel in these impromptu drawings, where we see bcing sketehcd, right on the scrap of paper, a street, an apartment house, a eanal, a railroad Jine, a shop sign, makmg the exchange of addresses inro a delieate eommunieation in whieh a life of the body, an an of the graphie gesrure reeurs: it is always enjoyable ro wateh someone write, all the more so ro wateh someone draw: from eaeh oeeasiun when some­ one has given me an address in this \Vay, I retain the gesture of my interloeuror reversing his peneil ro rub out, with the eraser at its other end, the exeessive eurve of an avenue, the interseetion of a viaduet; though the eraser is an übjeet eonrrary ro the graphie tradition of Japan, rhis gesturc ~till Addrcss book :-sL-;i~J L: ' .

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