Giraldus Odonis Ofm: Opera Philosophica, De Intentionibus by L. M. De Rijk

By L. M. De Rijk

This quantity includes the 1st severe variation of Girald Odonis (d. 1349), De intentionibus , during which the writer offers with the multifarious difficulties round conceptualization with which philosophers and theologians from round 1300 have been confronted while trying to bridge the space among idea and fact. Girald looks to were an unyielding defender of the 'realistic' place, protecting that our variously articulated innovations ( intentiones ) are consultant of as many differences in truth. the focus of his critical feedback upon contemporaneous perspectives of the problem is Hervé de Nédellec, who used to be the 1st to jot down a monograph De intentionibus , which betrays his adherence to a reasonable realism. The editor's huge research of the intentionality debate of these years focusses at the improvement of the cognition thought within the interval among Thomas Aquinas and Peter Auriol (d. 1322).

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For one part, the debate was about the semantic problem of referentiality, for the other, it is the tools and devices primarily taken as psychic entities which became in the focus of attention. St. Augustine (354–430) made an influential contribution to the debates in both directions. 36 In the next 34 Albertus Magnus, In Arist. De anima II, tr. 3, cap. 4, ed. Colon. VII 1, p. 102a– b: “Adhuc autem notandum est quod differunt forma rei et intentio rei. Forma enim proprie est quae informando dat esse actu materiae et composito ex materia et forma.

Ipsa enim in se modos rerum consideratarum in aliis scientiis et in semetipsa contemplatur (…). Patet etiam quare dicitur rationalis scientia. Modi enim praedicti rerum quas considerant scientiae, non sunt nisi rationes earum, sic dictae quia per illas distinguit eas ratio et discernendo connectit ac dividit, discurrens ab uno termino in alium, sive per solum intervallum, sicut in propositione accidit, sive per medium terminum, sicut in ratiocinatione. Quia igitur tales rationes rerum principaliter considerat logica, ideo rationalis scientia dicitur”.

Differentia autem inter apprehendere formas et apprehendere intentionem hec est quod forma est illa quam apprehendit sensus interior et sensus exterior simul”. Thus according to Avicenna, an intention is what the inner sense finds in things over and above the phantasm found by the exterior senses. Prior to the process of abstraction, this intentional being is still sensorial, whereas by the abstraction process, the esse intentionale is upgraded to the intellectual level of ‘concept’. g. by Knudsen 1982, 480).

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