By Harry W. Richardson, Chang-Hee C. Bae
So much learn on globalization has fascinated with macroeconomic and economy-wide results. This ebook explores an under-researched zone, the affects of globalization on towns and nationwide city hierarchies, specially yet now not exclusively in constructing nations. lots of the globalization-urban examine has targeting the "global towns" (e.g. long island, London, Paris, Tokyo) that impression what occurs within the remainder of the realm. against this, this study appears to be like on the towns on the receiving finish of the forces of globalization. the overall discovering is that enormous towns, on stability, take advantage of globalization, even if occasionally on the rate of widening spatial inequities.
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Additional resources for Globalization and Urban Development (Advances in Spatial Science)
In the USA, the system of urban government is deeply rooted in the idea of decentralization and local autonomy, which has contributed to urban dispersal. Although there has been some movement towards centralization (metropolitan government, for instance), the tradition of political fragmentation in urban areas is likely to survive in the USA. This political landscape reinforces the tendency of decentralization and physical segregation by social and economic groups. , Poland, China and Korea) have been governed by centralized systems, even in large urban regions.
But there have been many casual observations which show the cost side of urban life. People complain about urban ills, such as pollution, crime, traﬃc congestion and lack of housing. Probably it is safe to say that the growth of large cities is likely to be slower than in the past. vii. Industrial Composition. One of the distinctive features of post-industrial society is a major shift in industrial composition, speciﬁcally, a rise in the proportion of the service sector. Service sector employments can be highly footloose (particularly with the development of communications technology), but historically they have been concentrated centrally because of the need for face-to-face contacts and linkages with other businesses.
In order for decentralization to be eﬀective it is necessary to have supportive institutions and human capital at the local level. Such institutions and human capital are not readily available in even most of the largest cities of the developing world (where formal urban planning as opposed to urban public works or services began as late as the 1960s). Urban planners are not available, urban planning schools do not exist (and where they do exist they tend to be technocratic institutions), and infrastructure ﬁnance institutions are virtually unheard of.