By Yannick Mellier, Bernard Fort, Genevieve Soucail
This can be an exhaustive evaluate of our theoretical and observational wisdom of gravitational lensing 10 years after the invention of the 1st lensed quasar, Q0957+561. Gravitational optics, optical, infrared, and radio observations of quasar-lens applicants, microlensing, arcs in clusters of galaxies, and radio jewelry are offered. specifically, the ongoing survey of quasar-lens applicants, the hot size of the time hold up in 0957+561, the suspended microlensing impression throughout the galaxy 2237+030, in addition to the invention of latest arcs and the dimension of latest redshifts for 2 of them are awarded. quite a few papers at the modelling of arcs and earrings express the way it may be attainable to probe darkish topic with those unforeseen gravitational telescopes. eventually, tables summarize the entire lens applicants we all know at the present time.
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