Handbook of Explosion Prevention and Protection by Dennis P. Nolan

By Dennis P. Nolan

Among them, the well known workforce of editors and authors have collected unheard of adventure at such institutes as BAM, PTB, Pittsburgh nationwide Institute for Occupational future health and defense, BASF AG, and the collage of Göttingen. during this work-the first of its variety for 35 years-they describe intimately these measures that hinder or restrict commercial explosions and the wear and tear so prompted. They conceal a variety of preventative tools, in addition to the present nation of expertise mixed with information received via experimentation.

This instruction manual deals operational, making plans, layout and safeguard engineers operating in undefined, executive organisations institutions in-depth wisdom of the clinical and technical fundamentals, letting them observe explosion safeguard based on any given situation.

Chapter 1 Explosion methods (pages 1–60): Prof. Dr. H. Gg. Wagner
Chapter 2 Ignition strategies (pages 61–270): Dr. Helmut Kramer, Dr. Martin Glor, Prof. Dr. Henrikus Steen, Dr. Markus Goedde, Dr. Heino Bothe, Dipl.?Ing. Eberhard Behrend, Dr?Ing. Klaus Ritter, Prof. Dr. H. Gg. Wagner, Dr.?Ing. Willi Hensel, Dr.?Ing. Ulrich Krause, Dr. Ulrich Loffler and Dr. Winfried Karl
Chapter three houses of Reactive Gases and Vapours (Safety features) (pages 271–377): Dr. Elisabeth Brandes, Dr. Siegmund Dietlen, Dr. Hartmut Hieronymus, Dr.?Ing. Ulrich Krause, Dr. Bodo Plewinsky, Dr. Tammo Redeker, Dr. Volkmar Schroder and Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Hoyermann
Chapter four houses of flamable Dusts (Safety features) (pages 379–417): Dr.?Ing. Willi Hensel and Kenneth L. Cashdollar
Chapter five houses of Flammable Mists and Foams (pages 419–480): Dr. Hans Forster, Dr. Bodo Plewinsky and Dr. Hartmut Hieronymus
Chapter 6 Measures of Explosion security and Prevention (pages 481–610): Prof. Dr. Henrikus Steen, Dr. Martin Hattwig, Dr.?Ing. Ulrich Krause, Dr. Christophe Proust, Dipl.?Ing. Richard Siwek, Dr. Hans Forster and Dr. Wolfgang Wiechmann
Chapter 7 basics of knowing and Judging Explosion dangers (pages 611–639): Prof. Dr.?Ing. Henrikus Steen

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Extra resources for Handbook of Explosion Prevention and Protection

Sample text

1-36 and therefore in w. The values of w which are obtained for turbulent combustion mean one can no longer assume that the burned gas is at rest. For higher flame velocities the fresh gas and the burned gas can be substantially compressed. If the flow velocity reaches the order of magnitude of the speed of sound, the compression may proceed as successive weak shocks which can catch up with each other. An increase in pressure promotes ªturbulenceº in the flow [100]. An increase of temperature counteracts this, but it also increases the flame velocity rather strongly.

In addition, the Rayleigh line, going from 1/r0 to N is shown. It corresponds to a stable detonation, C±J is the Chapman± Jouguet point, the Fig. 1-16. final state for complete conversion (heat addition QR). N represents the state after the shock front. Bottom: Profiles of pressure, density, and temperature in the reaction zone of a detonation as a function of distance x are plotted. 5 bar and T = 890 C. Equations 1-30 and 1-31 show that if the initial pressure and temperature are high, high values of P and T can quite easily be reached since the ratios P1/P0 and T1/T0 are decisive.

If one plots the Mach number (M = D/c, c = speed of sound in the unburned gas) instead of the propagation speed, a curve as shown in Fig. 1-17b is obtained, which is similar to the curve in Fig. 1-8. The curves in Fig. 1-17 suddenly drop on the lean and rich sides: these are the limits of detonability. 2 Propagation of Combustion Processes in the Gas Phase tion can no longer propagate in a stationary manner in tubes of the given diameters. The Mach numbers at the limits are around 3±4. They are a measure for the temperature at the shock front.

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