By Lucie Cerna
This ebook examines the adaptation in high-skilled immigration rules in OECD nations. those international locations face financial and social pressures from slowing productiveness, growing old populations and urgent labour shortages. to handle those inter-related demanding situations, the opportunity of the worldwide labour marketplace has to be harnessed. nations have to accentuate their efforts to draw proficient humans – the simplest and the brightest. whereas a few are excelling during this new industry, others lag at the back of. The ebook explores the explanations for this, analysing the interaction among pursuits and associations. It considers the main position of coalitions among labour (both excessive- and low-skilled) and capital. valuable to the research is a newly developed index of openness to high-skilled immigrants, supplemented via specific case reports of France, Germany, Sweden, the uk and the U.S.. The ebook contributes to the literature on immigration, political economic climate and public coverage, and appeals to educational and coverage audiences.
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Extra info for Immigration Policies and the Global Competition for Talent
My thanks to Martin Ruhs for pointing this out to me. 16. For example, IT sub-sectors prone to outsourcing are application maintenance, custom application development and system integration. IT consulting, traditional IT outsourcing and sales and marketing have lower outsourcing potential and constitute about 50 % of all sector employment; the overall IT outsourcing potential is unlikely to increase. Companyspecific barriers include unsuited processes, the manager’s attitude or insufficient scale (Farrell et al.
Washington, DC: Brookings Institution. Hamilton Project Discussion Paper 2012–2001. Sparber. 2013. STEM workers, H-1B visas and productivity in US cities. Norface Discussion Paper Series 2013009. Productivity Commission of Australia. 2006. Economic impacts of migration and population growth. Position Paper. January. Romer, P. 1994. The origins of endogenous growth. The Journal of Economic Perspectives 8(1): 3–22. Ruhs, M. 2008. Economic research and labor immigration policy’. Oxford Review of Economic Policy 24(3): 403–426.
It explains in detail the main assumptions and hypotheses and sets out the political-economy framework for the following chapters. I distinguish three actors (native high-skilled labour, native low-skilled labour and capital) who build coalitions to achieve their preferred policy output (more open or more restrictive HSI policies). These coalitions are intermediated by two kinds of institutions, labour market organisation and political representation. The building of an HSI Index and the ranking of OECD countries is the subject of Chapter 3.