Imposing Aid: Emergency Assistance to Refugees by B. E. Harrell-Bond

By B. E. Harrell-Bond

The 1982 challenge concerning Ugandans who spilled over the Sudan border is the root for this in-depth research, the 1st self reliant appraisal of an information application fixed based on an emergency inflow of refugees. Addressing coverage makers whereas starting this missed box to scholarly consciousness, Harrell-Bond files with facts and case fabrics the effect of reduction and of reduction staff on refugees and their hosts. The learn comprises interviews of 6,000 refugee families, either within the camps and the better quantity who stay open air the help "umbrella."

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Example text

Social engineering There is keen awareness of the failures of the settlement policy, but generally it is assumed that the fault lies not with the aid programme, but with the refugees themselves. Initially, my own research was based on a modification of the widely held hypothesis that refugees are to blame for the failures of the aid programme and for their continued economic dependence. The rural settlement policy itself was not questioned: at the outset I assumed that such a programme provided an ideal basis for taking positive advantage of the potential for social transformation which some believe displaced communities represent.

The majority of the participants at the International Symposium, 'Assistance to Refugees: Alternative Viewpoints' (Harrell-Bond and Karadawi 1984), held in Oxford were either representatives of African host governments or refugees from the continent. One journalist took me aside the first day asking what was going on. He had never been at a meeting where people were so angry. Aid officials were also apparently shocked at the fury being directed towards them. But after three days of 'catharsis', participants were working together to produce the resolutions and recommendations which appear in Appendix I.

Refugees were encouraged to help to assess the assistance programme (and themselves) in a number of ways. For example, early in the study I wrote and circulated an essay on some of the current explanations of why programmes fail to bring refugees to a level of economic independence. I asked refugees to reply to these 'charges'. I sponsored an essay contest with some suggested titles aimed at stimulating more reflection on these issues. In each settlement, after concluding the survey, my team and I had a discussion with refugees about what we had learned.

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