By Manfred M. Fischer
This assortment brings jointly Manfred M. Fischer`s paintings within the components of innovation and technological swap, innovation and community actions, wisdom construction and spillovers.
The quantity is in 3 elements. the 1st half demonstrates that the tactics of innovation and technological switch are spatially differentiated, either domestically inside nations and the world over among international locations. the second one half broadens, either conceptually and empirically, our knowing of the innovation strategy and the method of community formation, through interpreting the expanding significance of information construction and diffusion within the new financial system and the way this is often altering the character of companies in the most important methods. specific concentration is laid on deciding on the growing to be pressures for corporations to advance extra inter- and intrafirm networks and on supplying lucid illustrations of those other kinds of networks. The 3rd half discusses key concerns with regards to the structures of innovation procedure as a conceptual framework for local innovation research and directs cognizance to enlightening conceptual and empirical paintings at the factor how wisdom spills over in the neighborhood.
This assortment might be crucial analyzing for students and scholars drawn to neighborhood technological know-how, fiscal geography and local economics, economics of technological switch and innovation, commercial enterprise, innovation experiences and monetary improvement.
Manfred M. Fischer is Professor in fiscal Geography and GIScience on the Vienna collage of Economics and company management, Austria.
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Extra info for Innovation, Networks, and Knowledge Spillovers: Selected Essays
This requires the careful targeting of R&D activities to develop innovations for specific goods that can establish their own market niches within a reasonably short time. In Austria's case, R&D has been most successful in the development of industrial electronics goods, such as audio and broadcasting technology, and telecommunications equipment, and in the development of components and accessories for these product segments. Closely linking R&D activities to specific product types and their marketing objectives has also helped to develop endogenous R&D capabilities among export-oriented firms in the industrial electronics sector.
M. and Menschik G. M. and Nijkamp P. (1985): Developments in explanatory discrete spatial data and choice analysis, Progress in Human Geography 9, 515-551 Freeman C. (1974): The Economics of Industrial Innovation, Penguin Books, Harmondsworth [UK] 32 M. M. Fischer and N. C. T. (1985): The international diffusion of new technology in manufacturing industry: A comparative study of Great Britain, the USA and West Germany, Paper presented to the Institute of British Geographers, CAG, Symposium on “Technical Change in Industry-Spatial Policy and Research Implications”, Swansea; copy available from CURDS, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne Jacobsson S.
The changing sectoral emphasis of Austria's electronics industry required the development of stronger research capabilities over the 1970s and 1980s. R&Dintensive industrial and component electronics goods had the best possibilities for developing export market niches, as Western Europe sought to stave off any substantial market penetration by East Asian imports. The new emphasis produced important technological benchmarks for Austria's electronics industry, such as the introduction of the first European-made 256K microchips in 1985.