By Howard Federspiel
The Persatuan Islam (Islamic-Union) used to be a small team of Indonesian Muslim activists throughout the interval 1923-1957. Their efforts concerned them within the nice disputes of the time, particularly the form of the rising Indonesian country because the zone broke free from colonial regulate, and the course of Islamic discourse in that new kingdom. Deeply ideological, those activists referred to as themselves "radical-revolutionaries". Their outlook, beginning as a manifestation of Islamic Modernism, later grew to become a sort of Islamic Neo-Fundamentalism. The perspectives raised by means of the gang weren't regularly permitted, as elites with different outlooks won regulate of the nationalist time table and the path of the Indonesian Muslim neighborhood. the tale of those activists, even if, tells us a lot in regards to the context of either Indonesian nationalism and Indonesian Islam as either built through the first 1/2 the 20 th century.
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Extra info for Islam and Ideology in the Emerging Indonesian State: The Persatuan Islam (Persis), 1923 to 1957
The West Sumatran developments looked to Egypt in particular, while the development on Java looked to the Chinese community and the Dutch for inspiration. Both systems regarded Arabic and religious sciences as continuing to be important, but placed considerable limitation on them for the introduction of general subject matter and the mastery of other languages, particularly Indonesian. 08 In the Al-Irsyad schools many textbooks were locally prepared including some on religious sciences, particularly by Ahmad Surkati, but some were taken from the Middle East from both classical and modern writers.
Thesis submitted to McGill University, 1997, 29. 40 Benda, Crescent, 14; Berend ter Haar, Adat Law in Indonesia, trans. A. Arthur Schiller and E. Adamson Hoebel (New York, 1948), 74-77. 41 Raden Adjeng Kartini, Letters of a Javanese Princess (New York, 1920), 20-21, 70-71, 215. 18 PART ONE to that religion. A study of the first quarter of the century allows us to more properly place all these factors into context before beginning a proper study of the Persatuan Islam. B. Indonesia in the First Quarter of the Twentieth Century 1.
A. thesis presented to McGill University, 1957, 28-42. 69 Ensiklopedi Mam Indonesia (Jakarta, 1992), 437-438. INTRODUCTION 29 offered a place for considering the political message and as a place of religious consideration of the political choices confronting believers, regardless of the age in which those political choices were manifest. Finally these associations became training grounds for leadership, since they were organized on a series of levels, with opportunities for some to function at both local and cross-organizational levels of administration and leadership.