La mano invisible by Adam Smith

By Adam Smith

El decisivo tratado de Adam Smith sobre el mercado libre allanó el camino al capitalismo moderno argumentando que l. a. competencia es el motor de una sociedad productiva y que el interés propio en última instancia logrará enriquecer a toda l. a. comunidad, como si de una «mano invisible» se tratara.

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B. 3. constraints imposed by the system’s visible information and the potential negative effect on global performance. 19 In an integrated approach to design, all design information is common knowledge for the designers. The system is decomposed into components, but interdependencies among components are not resolved during architectural design. Instead, interface specifications are produced during detailed design and can be changed until the detailed designing ends. 20 In physical systems, interdependencies may occur if different components share physical space.

2 How Modularity Affects the Correctness of Software Systems When decomposing a system while designing a modular architecture, system architects seek to minimize interdependencies among components in order to reduce the number of design decisions that must be coordinated across components. In the language of software engineering, they strive for high cohesion and low couplinga: the internal elements of a module should be strongly interconnected, while the connections to other modules should be weak.

Modularity in design reduces complexity by allowing component designers to treat other modules as black boxes. By shielding the rest of the system from internal changes to a module, modularity increases designers’ flexibility regarding the detailed design of their own modules and lets the detailed design of different modules proceed independently. 2). The positive impact of modularity in design on the modifiability of the resulting system is discussed in chapter 4. Modularity is not without costs.

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