Maori: A Linguistic Introduction (Linguistic Introductions) by Ray Harlow

By Ray Harlow

Mäori, the indigenous language of recent Zealand, is an endangered, minority language, with a big position within the Mäori community's tradition and id. This finished assessment seems to be in any respect elements of the Mäori language: its heritage, its dialects, its sounds and grammar, and the efforts being made by way of its audio system to make sure its survival. A succinct survey of a language with a wealth of attention-grabbing good points, it's going to curiosity an individual wishing to review the constitution of a minority language, in addition to these drawn to endangered languages and their maintenance.

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Ana (see chapter 3). Further, although there is very considerable overlap in the ways in which these alternatives are used, there are constructions in which there is a clear preference for e . . ana (see Harlow 2001:59). As will also be seen in chapter 6, relative clause formation in M¯aori involves a variety of strategies including the occurrence of a resumptive pronoun within the clause, which is coindexed with the antecedent. One of the types of clause in which this occurs is that where the position relativised on is that of the fronted agent in the so-called Actor Emphatic, mentioned above.

The active–passive voice distinction found in M¯aori is exemplified in these two versions of the same sentence63 – the same in that the assignment of roles, tense and verb remain constant: Ka hoko te matua i ng¯a t¯ıkiti. ’ Ka hoko-na ng¯a t¯ıkiti e te matua. ’ The second sentence, the passive, shows three differences from the active: the presence of a suffix on the verb; Nominative marking for the O (the tickets); and the marker e for the A (the parent). 6, while the active reflects pattern 1.

E. the merger of *f and *s, which has been following similar paths in the Eastern Polynesian languages, but has reached different stages of lexical diffusion in the individual languages. Intertwined with the development of *f is that of PPN *s. 37 Further, a number of items, preserved in early publications and manuscripts which reflect the language spoken in the Far North of New Zealand before the spelling system settled into the modern conventions,38 suggest that at least some M¯aori /h/ had a sibilant pronunciation.

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