Marine Biotechnology in the 21st Century by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Life Sciences, Ocean Studies Board, Committee on Marine Biotechnology: Biomedical Applications of Marine Natural Products

Dramatic advancements in knowing the basic underpinnings of existence have supplied intriguing possibilities to make marine bioproducts an enormous a part of the U.S. economic system. numerous marine dependent prescribed drugs are below lively advertisement improvement, atmosphere health and wellbeing is excessive at the public's record of matters, and aquaculture is delivering an ever better share of the seafood on our tables. however, marine biotechnology has no longer but stuck the public's, or investor's, cognizance. workshops, held in October 1999 and November 2001 on the nationwide Academies, have been profitable in highlighting new advancements and possibilities in environmental and biomedical functions of marine biotechnology, and likewise in settling on elements which are impeding advertisement exploitation of those items. This record features a synthesis of the 2001 classes addressing drug discovery and improvement, purposes of genomics and proteomics to marine biotechnology, biomaterials and bioengineering, and public coverage and essays contributed by way of the workshop speakers.

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Extra resources for Marine Biotechnology in the 21st Century

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The widespread tourist de velopment on the north coast has led to the destruction of dune systems. The penultimate chapter in Part II, Chapter 12, is concerned with the Balearics, an archipelago of 151 islands and islets only four of which are inhabited at present. Their remarkable geomorphology and isolation have resulted in a unique biodiversity, with differences occurring between the east and west islands of the archipelago. The Balearics are as archaeologically distinct as the y are biogeographically distinct because the y ha ve al ways been isolated.

In particular it focuses on the changes 1 Introduction to the Mediterranean Island Landscapes 5 Fig. 1 The Mediterranean region and the major islands (Adapted from GLOB AL GIS © 2001 American Geological Institute. With permission) during the Holocene, approximately the last 10,000 years, and their effects on biota, and on the current human pressures that are no w threats to the sustainability of the island communities. The general aim of this book is to review the existing qualitative and quantitative information, which is currently fragmented, on the Mediterranean Islands’ physical and cultural environments.

Vogiatzakis et al. Médail, F. and Quézel, P. (1997) Hot-spots analysis for conserv ation of plant biodi versity in the Mediterranean Basin. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardens 84: 112–127. Naveh, Z. (1998) From biodiversity to ecodiversity: holistic conservation of the biological and cultural diversity of Mediterranean landscapes. In P . Ruindel, G. Montene gro and F. ) Landscape Disturbance and Biodiversity in Mediterranean-type Ecosystems. Springer: Berlin. Patton, M. (1996) Islands in T ime: Island Sociogeograph y and Mediterranean prehistory .

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