McGraw-Hill dictionary of geology and mineralogy by McGraw-Hill Education

By McGraw-Hill Education

Derived from the content material of the revered McGraw-Hill Dictionary of clinical and Technical Terms, 6th version, each one identify offers millions of definitions of phrases and words encountered in a selected self-discipline. All comprise:

* Pronunciation advisor for each time period
* Acronyms, cross-references, and abbreviations
* Appendices with conversion tables; listings of medical, technical, and mathematical notation; tables of proper info; and extra
* A handy, quick-find layout

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Aиtrı¯ pidиəиnə } attached dune [GEOL] A dune that has formed around a rock or other geological feature in the path of windblown sand. { ə tacht du¨n } attapulgite [MINERAL] (Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH)и4H2O A clay mineral with a needlelike shape from Georgia and Florida; active ingredient in most fuller’s earth, and used as a suspending agent, as an oil well drilling fluid, and as a thickener in latex paint. { adиə pəl jı¯t } Atterberg scale [GEOL] A geometric and decimal grade scale for classification of particles in sediments based on the unit value of 2 millimeters and involving a fixed ratio of 10 for each successive grade; subdivisions are geometric means of the limits of each grade.

Ba¨m } banakite [PETR] An alkalic basalt made up of plagioclase, sanidine, and biotite, with small quantities of analcime, augite, and olivine; quartz or leucite may be present. { banиə kı¯t } band [GEOL] A thin layer or stratum of rock that is noticeable because its color is different from the colors of adjacent layers. { band } bandaite [PETR] A dacite type of extrusive rock composed of hypersthene and labradorite. { banиdə ¯ıt } banded [PETR] Pertaining to the appearance of rocks that have thin and nearly parallel bands of different textures, colors, and minerals.

O¯ brı¯t } auganite [PETR] An olivine-free basalt (calcic plagioclase and augite are the essential mineral components) or an augite-bearing andesite. { o˙gиə nı¯t } augelite [MINERAL] Natural, basic aluminum phosphate. { o˙jиə lı¯t } augen [PETR] Large, lenticular eye-shaped mineral grain or mineral aggregate visible in some metamorphic rocks. { o˙gиən or au˙иgən } augen kohle See eye coal. { au˙иgən ko¯lиə } augen schist [PETR] A mylonitic rock characterized by the presence of recrystallization.

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