Mountain Timberlines: Ecology, Patchiness, and Dynamics by Friedrich-Karl Holtmeier (auth.)

By Friedrich-Karl Holtmeier (auth.)

Show description

Read or Download Mountain Timberlines: Ecology, Patchiness, and Dynamics PDF

Best dynamics books

Globalization, Economic Growth and Innovation Dynamics

Within the new international economic climate, extra international locations have unfolded to overseas festival and speedy capital flows. besides the fact that, within the triad the method of globalization is very uneven. With a emerging function of establishment businesses there are favorable clients for greater worldwide development and fiscal catching-up, respectively.

Dynamics of Molecular Collisions: Part B

Job in any theoretical region is mostly encouraged via new experimental ideas and the ensuing chance of measuring phenomena that have been formerly inaccessible. Such has been the case within the region into consideration he re starting approximately fifteen years aga while the potential of learning chemical reactions in crossed molecular beams captured the mind's eye of actual chemists, for you may think investigating chemical kinetics on the similar point of molecular element that had formerly been attainable in simple terms in spectroscopic investigations of molecular stucture.

The Dynamics of Clusters and Innovation: Beyond Systems and Networks

Innovation is the motor of monetary swap. during the last fifteen years, researches in innovation approaches have emphasized the systemic beneficial properties of innovation. while innovation procedure research normally takes a static institutional strategy, cluster research makes a speciality of interplay and the dynamics of know-how and innovation.

Chaotic Dynamics and Transport in Classical and Quantum Systems: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on International Summer School on Chaotic Dynamics and Transport in Classical and Quantum Systems Cargèse, Corsica 18–30 August 2003

From the 18th to the thirtieth August 2003 , a NATO complicated research Institute (ASI) was once held in Cargèse, Corsica, France. Cargèse is a pleasant small village located by means of the mediterranean sea and the Institut d'Etudes Scientifiques de Cargese presents ? a standard position to prepare Theoretical Physics summer season faculties and Workshops * in a closed and good equiped position.

Extra info for Mountain Timberlines: Ecology, Patchiness, and Dynamics

Example text

The height of the alders decreases from about three to four meters in the lower part of the krummholz zone to less than a few decametres at its upper limit where they grow mat-like close to the ground. In winter big snow masses pile up. They press the sterns downhill and compress the alder thickets to less than two meters height. Thus, they, and also the dwarfpines, get completely buried by snow (Hulten, 1974). Quaking aspen (populus tremuloides) is widespread in North America. In some areas it reaches even the northern tree line.

500 m. Oliver (1988), by the way, attributes Philippia to the genus Erica. Several studies (Hedberg, 1951; Troll, 1973; Plesnik, 1980; Miehe and Miehe, 1994, 1996) provide some evidence that the upper limit of the Hageniaforests are caused by fire and grazing rather than by climate and should not considered a natural altitudinal timberline. However, Lange et al. (1997), referring to their studies on Mt. Kenya, consider burning to be of loeal importance only and take the upper limit of Hagenia forest for natural (climatically caused; see also Fries and Fries, 1948; Bussmann, 1994).

300 m) which is fairly protected from advective influences (Figure 10; Höllermann, 1972). The same effect can be observed also in other climates. In the comparatively high and dry western cordillera of Bolivia, for example, the upper limit of the occurrences of Polylepis tarapacana (P. 000 m higher than the upper limit of Polylepis tarapacana in the humid and lower eastern cordillera (Kessler, 1995). Figure 10. Altitude of timberline in the Pyrenees. - modified from Höllennann (1972) In the tropics, the same relationship of the upper timberline and mass-elevation effect exists (Eyre, 1968; Hastenrath, 1968; Grubb, 1971; Van Steenis, 1972).

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.74 of 5 – based on 31 votes