By Professor Brigitte Marechal, Stefano Allievi, Felice Dassetto, Jorgen Nielsen
This quantity describes the most features of up to date ecu Islam. Following an summary of the ancient history and a few facts concerning the presence of Islam in Europe, the method of progress, and the advance of Islam is analysed via spiritual guideline in academic structures, organizational constructions and the types of political participation by means of Muslims. as well as an outline of the connection among eu states and Islam in judicial phrases, the differing kinds of the inclusion/integration of Islam in ecu society is reports through the media, the kinfolk among religions, fiscal and overseas dimensions, and the way within which have replaced following the occasions of Sept eleventh 2001. according to wide bibliographical learn, box experiences and particular contributions of students, this quantity presents an invaluable total evaluation for a large public.
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Extra info for Muslims in the Enlarged Europe: Religion and Society
Such considerations also allow us to explain why reference is too often made to “that which is not mythologically European”, in the absence of any real argumentation of that subject, or to a symbolically constructed ﬁction about Europe as the ‘country of reason’ whenever it comes to mentioning an eventual cultural conﬂict [Lourenço, 1991:65]. It is important to face up to these prejudices and to evaluate the present situation as well as the past. At a moment in history when modern societies are trying to redeﬁne the unity and the identity of a collective entity, it is fundamental to consider certain themes related to the question of identity in plain language, in order to be able to take up one’s positions for well-deﬁned reasons, and to opt for policies which will prove most pertinent to the actual situation.
Still, in 1989, 72% of young Muslims in France said that they would accept the decision of someone close to them to abandon religion [Leveau, 1997]. Religious practices Few studies on religious practices have been carried out up to now. Some indicators, to be examined in relation to the multiple aspects of the ritualisation of Muslim life, are explored such as daily prayer, Friday group prayer, and Ramadan. As concerns the practice of daily prayer, we refer to the abovementioned 2001 French survey, in which 33% of Muslims said they pray each day, as against 31% in 1994.
However, Islam also prescribes behaviour in every part of human life and action, including diet, sexual behaviour, usury and gambling, etc. Islam, in eﬀect, is asserted to be a complete way of life designed to introduce the consciousness of the divine in every moment of daily life, and every Muslim is accountable for all his or her actions within it. The most serious sins are: association with other ‘gods’ (that is, a failure to recognize that God is One), disrespect for parents, and sexual crimes such as homosexuality or extramarital sex.