By Professor Dr. Patrick Cohendet, Dr. Marc J. Ledoux, Dr. Ehud Zuscovitch (auth.)
This document on fabrics isn't a sequel to the 5 or 6 top of the range studies released in sure group international locations over the past few years, nor does it try to summarize them. neither is it a technical precis of the cutting-edge in new fabrics. it is extremely to be obvious as a survey of financial dynamics and procedure, performed for the aim of prompting political and commercial leaders during the ecu neighborhood to mirror in a few intensity with reference to fabrics. The file is prepared in 5 elements : the 1st is anxious with a definition of fabrics, the second one with structural fabrics and their effect at the reconception of business procedures, and this half is complemented via the 3rd, which appears on the 3 major sectors utilizing structural fabrics (transport, packaging, development and public works). The fourth half analyzes useful fabrics and how during which they impact simple parts within the technological method (information, power, biotechnology). The 5th and final half makes a strategic research for Europe (in the spheres of commercial innovations, the position of the professionals and advancements in employment and skills).
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Extra info for New Advanced Materials: Economic Dynamics and European Strategy A Report from the FAST Programme of the Commission of the European Communities
Lastly, the evolution which is occurring in materials and related processes may have profound repercussions on inter-company and particularly customer-supplier relations. The choice between "do it yourself" and "have it done" might be affected in a manner more favourable to the concept of "industrial partnership" than to conventional "customer-supplier" relations. A significant example of this developmental process is again the rear hatch of the Citroen BX, an achievement which was only possible thanks to the development of a new process (ZMC) resulting from close cooperation among three sectors, namely a press manufacturer, a tool maker and a fibre producer.
Thickness can be reduced through prior calculation of parts sion. and structures and by computer-assisted techniques. The evolution of steels over the last 20 years has been such that "most of the production is now accounted for by steels which might be called new compared to those manufactured at the beginning of the 60s" (2) . Likewise, aluminium's "service to the economy" from 1975 to 1985, ie the development of its uses per constant kilo, is calculated to have achieved an adjusted cumulative growth rate in the region of 50 %.
In this overall perspective, catalytic converters for cars and filters or membranes illustrating the energy usable by in scrubbing processes propensity of materials virtue of their to are make function in examples specific pollution clearly forms of control processes. Biotechnology materials occur in the following main sectors - prostheses and artificial organs - throwaway products ; - sensors and analytical products ; - membranes used in biology and biotechnology. Prostheses exploit a very wide range of materials.