Nuclear Submarine Disasters by Christopher Higgins

By Christopher Higgins

;Nuclear Submarine failures КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ Издательство: Chelsea condominium PublicationsСерия: nice mess ups: Reforms And RamificationsАвтор: Christopher HigginsЯзык: EnglishГод издания: 2002Количество страниц: 121ISBN: 0-7910-6329-1Формат: pdf (e-book)Размер: 3,84 mbPresents a heritage of mess ups concerning nuclear submarines, together with the Thresher, the Scorpion, and the Kursk, and explores how the research of those injuries can result in defense reform. RAPIDили IFOLDER zero

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They often suffered colorful fates, as well. Some exploded when toxic gases built up inside their hulls; others sank to the bottom and refused to come back to the surface; and some poisoned crews with chlorine gas from stubborn batteries or carbon monoxide from engine exhaust. Subs would sink with all hands, receive a refurbishing after being raised, and then sink all over again on the next voyage. It is no wonder the submarine service has traditionally been a volunteer service. The Fenian Ram, Plunger, and Porpoise were all submarines built by an Irish-immigrant inventor named John Holland, a schoolteacher who lived in Paterson, New Jersey.

A DSRV is capable of saving men trapped in American and NATO-type submarines and can descend to more than 3,000 feet below the surface (though its true maximum depth is kept secret). Any sub that meets with disaster on the continental shelf of the coast of the United States can be assisted by a DSRV. The United States has two of them, Mystic and Avalon—one for each coast—and they are ready to be airlifted by cargo jet to any submarine disaster at any time, in any location in the world. But so far the navy has never used a DSRV in an actual emergency.

Four months earlier, half the vessel had flooded during a test dive, drowning 26 crew members. The remaining 33 crew members, although trapped 240 feet below the water’s surface, were eventually saved. The effort proved that underwater sea rescues were possible. S. Navy had no modern equipment for the rescue of trapped submariners—and there had been dozens of submarine disasters. The only rescue method in place depended on the sailors themselves. They were issued personal breathing devices and instructed in how to use them.

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